Phenocopies of primary immunodeficiency

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Overview

Classification

Immunodeficiency Affecting Cellular and Humoral Immunity

Combined Immunodeficiency

Predominantly Antibody Deficiency

Diseases of Immune Dysregulation

Congenital Defects of Phagocytes

Defects in Intrinsic and Innate Immunity

Auto-inflammatory Disorders

Complement Deficiencies

Phenocopies of Primary Immunodeficiency

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sabawoon Mirwais, M.B.B.S, M.D.[2], Ali Akram, M.B.B.S.[3], Anmol Pitliya, M.B.B.S. M.D.[4]

Overview

These disorders behave and present like primary PIDs, but they are acquired secondary to the occurrence of autoantibodies or somatic mutations.[1]These conditions are not caused by inherited genetic mutations, but instead are acquired during life.

Classification

 
 
 
 
Phenocopies of PID
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Associated with somatic mutations
 
 
 
Associated with auto-antibodies
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ALPS-SFAS
 
 
 
 
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
RALD (RAS-associated autoimmune leukoproliferative disease)
 
 
 
 
Adult-onset immunodeficiency with susceptibility to mycobacteria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cryopyrinopathy (Muckle-Wells Syndrome)
 
 
 
 
Recurrent skin infections
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hypereosinophilic syndrome due to somatic mutations in STAT5b
 
 
 
 
Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquired angioedema
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Thymoma with hypogammaglobulinemia
 
 
 

Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome due to Somatic FAS Mutations (ALPS-SFAS)

RAS-Associated Autoimmune Leukoproliferative Disease (RALD)

Cryopyrinopathy (Muckle-Wells Syndrome)

Hypereosinophilic Syndrome due to Somatic Mutations in STAT5b

Chronic Mucocutaneous Candidiasis

Adult-Onset Immunodeficiency with Susceptibility to Mycobacteria

Recurrent Skin Infections

Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis

For more information on pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, click here.

Acquired Angioedema

Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (aHUS)

Thymoma with Hypogammaglobulinemia (Good Syndrome)

References

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