Peripartum mood disturbances risk factors
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Peripartum mood disturbances may affect all women regardless of their age, race, marital status, socioeconomic status or educational level. A large number of risk factors are involved in the causation of peripartum mood disturbances but these are not specific to any one particular disturbance. They overlap. Common risk factors in the development of peripartum mood disturbances may be psychological, obstetric, biological and lifestyle.
- History of mood changes during menstrual cycles or pregnancy.
- Multiple pregnancies during lifetime.
- Personal history of major depression or dysthymia.
- Family history of postpartum depression.
- Prior history of anxiety and depression
- Family history of depression
- Severe premenstrual syndrome
- Low social support
- Difficulty to conceive
- Stressful life events
- Teenage pregnancy
- Pregnancy and labor complications
- Preterm labor (before 37 weeks) and delivery
- twins or triplets
- Hospitalisation of baby after birth.
- Family history of postpartum psychosis or bipolar disorder
- History of bipolar disorder
- Postpartum psychosis in previous pregnancy
- schizoaffective disorder
- "Postpartum Blues - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshelf".
- "Depression Among Women | Depression | Reproductive Health | CDC".
- Beck CT (1996). "A meta-analysis of predictors of postpartum depression". Nurs Res. 45 (5): 297–303. doi:10.1097/00006199-199609000-00008. PMID 8831657.
- "Postpartum Psychosis: Symptoms, Treatment and More".
- Upadhyaya SK, Sharma A, Raval CM (June 2014). "Postpartum psychosis: risk factors identification". N Am J Med Sci. 6 (6): 274–7. doi:10.4103/1947-2714.134373. PMC 4083529. PMID 25006563.