Oxidized cellulose

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Oxidized cellulose
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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

Oxidized cellulose is a water insoluble derivative of cellulose. It can be produced from cellulose by the action of an oxidizing agent, such as chlorine, hydrogen peroxide, peracetic acid, chlorine dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, persulfates, permanganate, dichromate-sulfuric acid, hypochlorous acid, hypohalites or periodates and a variety of metal catalysts.[1] Oxidized cellulose may contain carboxylic acid, aldehyde, and/or ketone groups, in addition to the original hydroxyl groups of the starting material, cellulose, depending on the nature of the oxidant and reaction conditions.[2] It is an antihemorrhagic.[3]

References

  1. Collinson, Simon; Thielemans, Wim (2010). "The catalytic oxidation of biomass to new materials focusing on starch, cellulose and lignin". Coordination Chemistry Reviews. 254 (15–16): 1854–1870. doi:10.1016/j.ccr.2010.04.007.
  2. http://www.freepatentsonline.com/5780618.html
  3. Oto A, Remer EM, O'Malley CM, Tkach JA, Gill IS (June 1999). "MR characteristics of oxidized cellulose (Surgicel)". AJR Am J Roentgenol. 172 (6): 1481–4. doi:10.2214/ajr.172.6.10350276. PMID 10350276.

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