Metabolic syndrome primary prevention

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Metabolic syndrome Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Metabolic Syndrome from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


Diagnostic Criteria

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings


Chest X Ray



Echocardiography or Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Dietary Therapy

Physical Activity

Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Tertiary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Metabolic syndrome primary prevention On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Metabolic syndrome primary prevention

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Metabolic syndrome primary prevention

CDC on Metabolic syndrome primary prevention

Metabolic syndrome primary prevention in the news

Blogs on Metabolic syndrome primary prevention

Directions to Hospitals Treating Metabolic syndrome

Risk calculators and risk factors for Metabolic syndrome primary prevention

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Priyamvada Singh, M.B.B.S. [2]


Primary prevention strategies intend to avoid the development of disease. Different strategies like dietary modification, increasing physical activity and weight reduction are found useful in the primary prevention (development) of metabolic syndrome.

Primary Prevention

Metabolic syndrome is formed by a constellation of risk factors like obesity and insulin resistance that increases the risk of a patient for complications like stroke, diabetes and coronary heart diseases. Various strategies have been proposed to prevent the development of metabolic syndrome (primary prevantion). These include:

Supportive Trial Data

  • There are many studies that support the value of a healthy lifestyle as above. However, one study stated that these measures are effective in only a minority of people. The International Obesity Taskforce states that interventions on a sociopolitical level are required to reduce development of the metabolic syndrome in populations.[3]
  • A 2007 study of 2,375 male subjects over 20 years suggested that daily intake of a pint of milk or equivalent dairy products more than halved the risk of metabolic syndrome.[4] Other studies both support and dispute the authors' findings.[5]
  • Transcendental Meditation for 16 weeks in patients with coronary heart disease improved blood pressure and insulin resistance components of the metabolic syndrome compared with a control group receiving health education. This suggests that the beneficial effects may be due to the decrease of stress in these patients due to the meditation. Nevertheless, the results of this randomized control trial should be interpreted with caution as the patient population was small (n=103) and follow up was only 16 weeks. [6]


  1. Lakka TA, Laaksonen DE (2007). "Physical activity in prevention and treatment of the metabolic syndrome". Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquée, nutrition et métabolisme. 32 (1): 76–88. doi:10.1139/h06-113. PMID 17332786.
  2. Feldeisen SE, Tucker KL (2007). "Nutritional strategies in the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome". Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 32 (1): 46–60. doi:10.1139/h06-101. PMID 17332784.
  3. James PT, Rigby N, Leach R (2004). "The obesity epidemic, metabolic syndrome and future prevention strategies". Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 11 (1): 3–8. PMID 15167200.
  4. Elwood, PC (2007). "Milk and dairy consumption, diabetes and the metabolic syndrome: the Caerphilly prospective study". J Epidemiol Community Health. 61 (8): 695–698. doi:10.1136/jech.2006.053157. PMID 17630368. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (help)
  5. Snijder MB, van der Heijden AA, van Dam RM; et al. (2007). "Is higher dairy consumption associated with lower body weight and fewer metabolic disturbances? The Hoorn Study". Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 85 (4): 989–95. PMID 17413097.
  6. Paul-Labrador M, Polk D, Dwyer JH, Velasquez I, Nidich S, Rainforth M; et al. (2006). "Effects of a randomized controlled trial of transcendental meditation on components of the metabolic syndrome in subjects with coronary heart disease". Arch Intern Med. 166 (11): 1218–24. doi:10.1001/archinte.166.11.1218. PMID 16772250.

Template:WS Template:WH