Meningioma history and symptoms

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ifeoma Odukwe, M.D. [2] Haytham Allaham, M.D. [3]


Patients with meningioma may have a history of past radiation exposure, genetic disorders like neurofibromatosis type II, and obesity. The hallmark symptom of meningioma is morning headache. Other common symptoms of meningioma include vomiting, focal neurological deficits, hearing loss/tinnitus, visual impairment, and behavioral changes. However, the specific clinical presentation of meningioma is determined by the exact anatomical location of the tumor. For example, patients with meningiomas located in the olfactory grove may present with memory and visual disturbances, loss of intellectual functions, and unilateral or bilateral inability to smell.

History and Symptoms


Patients with meningioma may have a positive history of:[1][2][3][4]


Common symptoms of meningioma include:[1][2][3][4]

  • However, the specific clinical presentation of meningioma is determined by the exact anatomical location of the tumor:
  • Symptoms observed in olfactory groove meningioma include:[5]
  • Headache
  • Memory disturbance
  • Visual disturbances
  • Loss of intellectual functions
  • Inability to smell (unilateral or bilateral)
  • Symptoms observed in posterior fossa meningioma include:[6]
  • Symptoms observed in parafalcine meningioma include:[7]
  • Neurologic deficits
  • Visual dysfunction
  • Ataxia


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Gurcay AG, Bozkurt I, Senturk S, Kazanci A, Gurcan O, Turkoglu OF; et al. (2018). "Diagnosis, Treatment, and Management Strategy of Meningioma during Pregnancy". Asian J Neurosurg. 13 (1): 86–89. doi:10.4103/1793-5482.181115. PMC 5820904. PMID 29492130.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Antunes C, Ramos R, Machado MJ, Filipe MA (2019). "Giant posterior fossa meningioma: the importance of early diagnosis and challenges concerning treatment". BMJ Case Rep. 12 (3). doi:10.1136/bcr-2018-228454. PMID 30898941.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Sim SK, Khairul Aizad A, Lim SS, Wong A (2019). "Large falcine meningioma presented as treatment-resistant depression: A case report". Med J Malaysia. 74 (1): 87–89. PMID 30846670.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Gyawali S, Sharma P, Mahapatra A (2019). "Meningioma and psychiatric symptoms: An individual patient data analysis". Asian J Psychiatr. 42: 94–103. doi:10.1016/j.ajp.2019.03.029. PMID 30999261.
  5. Welge-Luessen, A (2001). "Olfactory function in patients with olfactory groove meningioma". Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. 70 (2): 218–221. doi:10.1136/jnnp.70.2.218. ISSN 0022-3050.
  6. Velho V, Agarwal V, Mally R, Palande DA (2012). "Posterior fossa meningioma "our experience" in 64 cases". Asian J Neurosurg. 7 (3): 116–24. doi:10.4103/1793-5482.103710. PMC 3532757. PMID 23293666.
  7. Kong X, Gong S, Lee IT, Yang Y (2018). "Microsurgical treatment of parafalcine meningiomas: a retrospective study of 126 cases". Onco Targets Ther. 11: 5279–5285. doi:10.2147/OTT.S162274. PMC 6124789. PMID 30214233.
  8. Oi S, Saito K, Ichikawa M, Aimi Y, Okada T, Nagatani T; et al. (2008). "[Case of large sphenoid ridge meningioma treated by 2-stage surgery]". No Shinkei Geka. 36 (10): 885–90. PMID 18975564.
  9. Honeybul S, Neil-Dwyer G, Lang DA, Evans BT, Ellison DW (2001). "Sphenoid wing meningioma en plaque: a clinical review". Acta Neurochir (Wien). 143 (8): 749–57, discussion 758. PMID 11678395.
  10. Saha R, Jakhar K, Kumar R (2016). "Sphenoid Wing Meningioma Presenting as Cognitive Impairment". Shanghai Arch Psychiatry. 28 (3): 173–176. doi:10.11919/j.issn.1002-0829.215142. PMC 5434305. PMID 28638189.

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