Meningioma historical perspective

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ifeoma Odukwe, M.D. [2] Haytham Allaham, M.D. [3]


Meningioma was first discovered by Dr. Felix Platter, a Swiss physician, in the 16th century. He described it as being round, fleshy and full of holes. Dr. Antonie Louis is known to be the first to attempt naming a meningioma.

Historical Perspective

  • In 1614, the first case of meningioma was described by Dr. Felix Platter.[1]
  • He described the tumor as being round with a shape like an acorn. He said it was as large as a medium-sized apple, fleshy, and full of holes.
  • The tumor had no connection with the brain matters, was covered with its own membrane, and a cavity was left behind after its removal.
  • In 1774, Antonie Louis was acknowledged to have had the first major attempt at naming meningioma with his scientific treatise devoted to meningioma: "Sur les tumeurs fongueuses de la dure-mère" meaning "fungoid tumors of the dura mater" when translated to English.
  • This was published in the Memoires of the ARC (académie royale de chirurgie).[2]
  • In 1910, a very large meningioma was successfully removed from the brain of General Leonard Wood by Dr. Harvey Cushing.
  • General Leonard Wood was a physician and also the Chief of Staff of the US Army.[3]


  1. Bir SC, Maiti TK, Bollam P, Nanda A (2015). "Felix Platter and a historical perspective of the meningioma". Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 134: 75–8. doi:10.1016/j.clineuro.2015.02.018. PMID 25965286.
  2. Barthélemy, Ernest Joseph; Sarkiss, Christopher A.; Lee, James; Shrivastava, Raj K. (2016). "The historical origin of the term "meningioma" and the rise of nationalistic neurosurgery". Journal of Neurosurgery. 125 (5): 1283–1290. doi:10.3171/2015.10.JNS15877. ISSN 0022-3085.
  3. Ravin, James G. (2012). "The Magician With a Meningioma". Archives of Ophthalmology. 130 (10): 1317. doi:10.1001/archophthalmol.2012.1914. ISSN 0003-9950.