Familial mediterranean fever pathophysiology

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Familial Mediterranean Fever Microchapters

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Sahar Memar Montazerin, M.D.[2]

Overview

The exact pathogenesis of familial mediterranean fever is not fully understood. However, nearly all the cases are due to a mutation in the MEFV gene, which codes for a protein called pyrin. Normally, pyrin regulates the production of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), an important pro-inflammatory cytokine. When mutation occurs, mutated protein is unable to suppress expression of IL-1β, therefore an inflammatory response would develop results in clinical manifestation of FMF. The disease inherits in an autosomal recessive mode. However, there is an increasing number of data reporting the autosomal dominant inheritance.

Pathophysiology

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Associated Conditions

Conditions associated with Familial Mediterranean fever include:

References

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  2. Chae, Jae Jin; Kastner, Daniel L. (2015). "Pathogenesis". 3: 13–30. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-14615-7_2. ISSN 2282-6505.
  3. Chae JJ, Wood G, Masters SL, Richard K, Park G, Smith BJ, Kastner DL (June 2006). "The B30.2 domain of pyrin, the familial Mediterranean fever protein, interacts directly with caspase-1 to modulate IL-1beta production". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103 (26): 9982–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.0602081103. PMC 1479864. PMID 16785446.
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  8. Booth DR, Gillmore JD, Lachmann HJ, Booth SE, Bybee A, Soytürk M, Akar S, Pepys MB, Tunca M, Hawkins PN (April 2000). "The genetic basis of autosomal dominant familial Mediterranean fever". QJM. 93 (4): 217–21. doi:10.1093/qjmed/93.4.217. PMID 10787449.
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  12. Bahceci, Semiha Erdem; Genel, Ferah; Gulez, Nesrin; Nacaroglu, Hikmet T. (2015). "Coexistence of hereditary angioedema in a case of familial Mediterranean fever with partial response to colchicine". Central European Journal of Immunology. 1: 115–116. doi:10.5114/ceji.2015.50843. ISSN 1426-3912.
  13. Yahalom G, Kivity S, Lidar M, Vaknin-Dembinsky A, Karussis D, Flechter S, Ben-Chetrit E, Livneh A (September 2011). "Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and multiple sclerosis: an association study in one of the world's largest FMF cohorts". Eur. J. Neurol. 18 (9): 1146–50. doi:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2011.03356.x. PMID 21299735.
  14. Kalyoncu U, Eker A, Oguz KK, Kurne A, Kalan I, Topcuoglu AM, Anlar B, Bilginer Y, Arici M, Yilmaz E, Kiraz S, Calguneri M, Karabudak R (March 2010). "Familial Mediterranean fever and central nervous system involvement: a case series". Medicine (Baltimore). 89 (2): 75–84. doi:10.1097/MD.0b013e3181d5dca7. PMID 20517179.
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