Esophageal cancer history and symptoms
Esophageal cancer Microchapters
Esophageal cancer history and symptoms On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Esophageal cancer history and symptoms
Risk calculators and risk factors for Esophageal cancer history and symptoms
Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hadeel Maksoud M.D.
Patient history in esophageal cancer includes pain in the throat or chest, regurgitation of food and hoarseness of voice. Symptoms of esophageal cancer include dysphagia, odynophagia, weight loss, and hematemesis. It should be noted that superficial esophageal cancer may have an insidious onset, so screening for Barrett's esophagus is important in this case to diagnose cancer earlier.
Obtaining history is an important aspect of making a diagnosis of esophageal cancer. It provides an insight into severity, precipitating factors and associated comorbid conditions. Complete history will help determine the correct therapy and helps in determining the prognosis. The areas of focus should be on onset, duration, and progression of symptoms such as:
- Difficulty swallowing
- Painful swallowing
- Fluids and soft foods are usually tolerated, while hard or bulky substances (such as bread or meat) cause pain during swallowing.
- Weight loss
- Often of a burning nature, may be severe and worsened by swallowing, and can be spasmodic in character.
- Regurgitation of food
- History of previous pneumonia
- Bloody cough or bloody saliva
- Vocal cord paralysis
Common symptoms include:
- Dysphagia to solid food
- Retrosternal or burning pain
- Weight loss
- Changes in diet
Less common symptoms include:
- Regurgitation of food or saliva
- Hoarseness or loss of voice
- Bloody or intractable cough
- Blood in stools
- Frequent pneumonia
- ↑ Trate DM, Parkman HP, Fisher RS (1996). "Dysphagia. Evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment". Prim. Care. 23 (3): 417–32. PMID 8888335.
- ↑ Spechler SJ (1996). "Barrett's esophagus". Semin. Gastrointest. Dis. 7 (2): 51–60. PMID 8705259.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Cameron AJ, Lomboy CT, Pera M, Carpenter HA (1995). "Adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction and Barrett's esophagus". Gastroenterology. 109 (5): 1541–6. PMID 7557137.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Lieberman MD, Shriver CD, Bleckner S, Burt M (1995). "Carcinoma of the esophagus. Prognostic significance of histologic type". J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. 109 (1): 130–8, discussion 139. doi:10.1016/S0022-5223(95)70428-0. PMID 7815789.