The systematic name of this enzyme class is cholest-5-ene-3β,7α-diol:NAD+ 3-oxidoreductase. This enzyme is also called 3β-hydroxy-Δ5-C27-steroid oxidoreductase. The human version of this enzyme is known as hydroxy-Δ-5-steroid dehydrogenase, 3 β- and steroid delta-isomerase 7 or HSD3B7 which is encoded by the HSD3B7gene.
This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-OH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. This enzyme is involved in the initial stages of the synthesis of bile acids from cholesterol and a member of the short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase superfamily. This enzyme is a membrane-associated endoplasmic reticulum protein which is active against 7-alpha hydrosylated sterol substrates.
Mutations in the HSD3B7 gene are associated with a congenital bile acid synthesis defect which leads to neonatal cholestasis, a form of progressive liver disease.