Barrett's esophagus epidemiology and demographics

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Amresh Kumar MD [2]


Barrett's esophagus can be seen in younger patients, but is most commonly diagnosed in patients ~ 55 years old.

Epidemiology and Demographics







  • Barrett's esophagus is a common disease that tends to affect equally to people in both Asian countries as well as Western countries.[10]

Developed Countries

Developing Countries

  • Barrett's esophagus is very common in developing countries and it shares the same kind of risk factors and potential towards neoplastic process as compared to those seen in developed countries.[10]


  1. Verhaegen J, Glupczynski Y, Verbist L, Blogie M, Vandeven J, Yourassowsky E; et al. (1990). "Capsular types and antibiotic sensitivity of pneumococci isolated from patients with serious infections in Belgium 1980 to 1988". Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 9 (6): 390–5. PMID 2387291.
  2. Whiteman DC, Kendall BJ (2016). "Barrett's oesophagus: epidemiology, diagnosis and clinical management". Med J Aust. 205 (7): 317–24. PMID 27681974.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Spechler SJ (1996). "Barrett's esophagus". Semin. Gastrointest. Dis. 7 (2): 51–60. PMID 8705259. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Hassall E (1997). "Columnar-lined esophagus in children". Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 26 (3): 533–48. PMID 9309403.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Bersentes K, Fass R, Padda S, Johnson C, Sampliner RE (1998). "Prevalence of Barrett's esophagus in Hispanics is similar to Caucasians". Dig. Dis. Sci. 43 (5): 1038–41. PMID 9590419. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Corley DA, Kubo A, Levin TR; et al. (2009). "Race, ethnicity, sex and temporal differences in Barrett's oesophagus diagnosis: a large community-based study, 1994-2006". Gut. 58 (2): 182–8. doi:10.1136/gut.2008.163360. PMC 2671084. PMID 18978173. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  7. Ek WE, Lagergren K, Cook M, Wu AH, Abnet CC, Levine D; et al. (2016). "Polymorphisms in genes in the androgen pathway and risk of Barrett's esophagus and esophageal adenocarcinoma". Int J Cancer. 138 (5): 1146–52. doi:10.1002/ijc.29863. PMC 4715576. PMID 26414697.
  8. Ward EM, Wolfsen HC, Achem SR, Loeb DS, Krishna M, Hemminger LL; et al. (2006). "Barrett's esophagus is common in older men and women undergoing screening colonoscopy regardless of reflux symptoms". Am J Gastroenterol. 101 (1): 12–7. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.2006.00379.x. PMID 16405528.
  9. Cook MB, Wild CP, Forman D (2005). "A systematic review and meta-analysis of the sex ratio for Barrett's esophagus, erosive reflux disease, and nonerosive reflux disease". Am. J. Epidemiol. 162 (11): 1050–61. doi:10.1093/aje/kwi325. PMID 16221 Check |pmid= value (help). Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  10. 10.0 10.1 Shiota S, Singh S, Anshasi A, El-Serag HB (2015). "Prevalence of Barrett's Esophagus in Asian Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis". Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 13 (11): 1907–18. doi:10.1016/j.cgh.2015.07.050. PMC 4615528. PMID 26260107.
  11. Ronkainen J, Aro P, Storskrubb T, Johansson SE, Lind T, Bolling-Sternevald E; et al. (2005). "Prevalence of Barrett's esophagus in the general population: an endoscopic study". Gastroenterology. 129 (6): 1825–31. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2005.08.053. PMID 16344051.
  12. Sampliner RE (2005). "A population prevalence of Barrett's esophagus--finally". Gastroenterology. 129 (6): 2101–3. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2005.10.029. PMID 16344076.

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