Delta-sarcoglycan

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
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RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Delta-sarcoglycan is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SGCD gene.[1][2][3][4]

Function

The protein encoded by this gene is one of the four known components of the sarcoglycan complex, which is a subcomplex of the dystrophin-glycoprotein complex (DGC). DGC forms a link between the F-actin cytoskeleton and the extracellular matrix. This protein is expressed most abundantly in skeletal and cardiac muscle. The mutations in this gene have been associated with autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy and dilated cardiomyopathy. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed.[4]

In melanocytic cells SGCD gene expression may be regulated by MITF.[5]

Interactions

SGCD has been shown to interact with FLNC.[6][7]

References

  1. Passos-Bueno MR, Moreira ES, Vainzof M, Marie SK, Zatz M (December 1996). "Linkage analysis in autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (AR LGMD) maps a sixth form to 5q33-34 (LGMD2F) and indicates that there is at least one more subtype of AR LGMD". Hum Mol Genet. 5 (6): 815–20. doi:10.1093/hmg/5.6.815. PMID 8776597.
  2. Nigro V, de Sá Moreira E, Piluso G, Vainzof M, Belsito A, Politano L, Puca AA, Passos-Bueno MR, Zatz M (November 1996). "Autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, LGMD2F, is caused by a mutation in the delta-sarcoglycan gene". Nat Genet. 14 (2): 195–8. doi:10.1038/ng1096-195. PMID 8841194.
  3. Tsubata S, Bowles KR, Vatta M, Zintz C, Titus J, Muhonen L, Bowles NE, Towbin JA (September 2000). "Mutations in the human delta-sarcoglycan gene in familial and sporadic dilated cardiomyopathy". J Clin Invest. 106 (5): 655–62. doi:10.1172/JCI9224. PMC 381284. PMID 10974018.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Entrez Gene: SGCD sarcoglycan, delta (35kDa dystrophin-associated glycoprotein)".
  5. Hoek KS, Schlegel NC, Eichhoff OM, Widmer DS, Praetorius C, Einarsson SO, Valgeirsdottir S, Bergsteinsdottir K, Schepsky A, Dummer R, Steingrimsson E (2008). "Novel MITF targets identified using a two-step DNA microarray strategy". Pigment Cell Melanoma Res. 21 (6): 665–76. doi:10.1111/j.1755-148X.2008.00505.x. PMID 19067971.
  6. Guyon JR, Kudryashova E, Potts A, Dalkilic I, Brosius MA, Thompson TG, Beckmann JS, Kunkel LM, Spencer MJ (October 2003). "Calpain 3 cleaves filamin C and regulates its ability to interact with gamma- and delta-sarcoglycans". Muscle Nerve. 28 (4): 472–83. doi:10.1002/mus.10465. PMID 14506720.
  7. Thompson TG, Chan YM, Hack AA, Brosius M, Rajala M, Lidov HG, McNally EM, Watkins S, Kunkel LM (January 2000). "Filamin 2 (FLN2): A muscle-specific sarcoglycan interacting protein". J. Cell Biol. 148 (1): 115–26. doi:10.1083/jcb.148.1.115. PMC 3207142. PMID 10629222.

Further reading

  • Nigro V, Piluso G, Belsito A, Politano L, Puca AA, Papparella S, Rossi E, Viglietto G, Esposito MG, Abbondanza C, Medici N, Molinari AM, Nigro G, Puca GA (1997). "Identification of a novel sarcoglycan gene at 5q33 encoding a sarcolemmal 35 kDa glycoprotein". Hum. Mol. Genet. 5 (8): 1179–86. doi:10.1093/hmg/5.8.1179. PMID 8842738.
  • Hillier LD, Lennon G, Becker M, Bonaldo MF, Chiapelli B, Chissoe S, Dietrich N, DuBuque T, Favello A, Gish W, Hawkins M, Hultman M, Kucaba T, Lacy M, Le M, Le N, Mardis E, Moore B, Morris M, Parsons J, Prange C, Rifkin L, Rohlfing T, Schellenberg K, Bento Soares M, Tan F, Thierry-Meg J, Trevaskis E, Underwood K, Wohldman P, Waterston R, Wilson R, Marra M (1997). "Generation and analysis of 280,000 human expressed sequence tags". Genome Res. 6 (9): 807–28. doi:10.1101/gr.6.9.807. PMID 8889549.
  • Jung D, Duclos F, Apostol B, Straub V, Lee JC, Allamand V, Venzke DP, Sunada Y, Moomaw CR, Leveille CJ, Slaughter CA, Crawford TO, McPherson JD, Campbell KP (1997). "Characterization of delta-sarcoglycan, a novel component of the oligomeric sarcoglycan complex involved in limb-girdle muscular dystrophy". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (50): 32321–9. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.50.32321. PMID 8943294.
  • Moreira ES, Vainzof M, Marie SK, Nigro V, Zatz M, Passos-Bueno MR (1999). "A first missense mutation in the delta sarcoglycan gene associated with a severe phenotype and frequency of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2F (LGMD2F) in Brazilian sarcoglycanopathies". J. Med. Genet. 35 (11): 951–3. doi:10.1136/jmg.35.11.951. PMC 1051491. PMID 9832045.
  • Chan YM, Bönnemann CG, Lidov HG, Kunkel LM (1999). "Molecular organization of sarcoglycan complex in mouse myotubes in culture". J. Cell Biol. 143 (7): 2033–44. doi:10.1083/jcb.143.7.2033. PMC 2175228. PMID 9864373.
  • Li J, Dressman D, Tsao YP, Sakamoto A, Hoffman EP, Xiao X (1999). "rAAV vector-mediated sarcogylcan gene transfer in a hamster model for limb girdle muscular dystrophy". Gene Ther. 6 (1): 74–82. doi:10.1038/sj.gt.3300830. PMID 10341878.
  • Coral-Vazquez R, Cohn RD, Moore SA, Hill JA, Weiss RM, Davisson RL, Straub V, Barresi R, Bansal D, Hrstka RF, Williamson R, Campbell KP (1999). "Disruption of the sarcoglycan-sarcospan complex in vascular smooth muscle: a novel mechanism for cardiomyopathy and muscular dystrophy". Cell. 98 (4): 465–74. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81975-3. PMID 10481911.
  • Liu LA, Engvall E (2000). "Sarcoglycan isoforms in skeletal muscle". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (53): 38171–6. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.53.38171. PMID 10608889.
  • Thompson TG, Chan YM, Hack AA, Brosius M, Rajala M, Lidov HG, McNally EM, Watkins S, Kunkel LM (2000). "Filamin 2 (FLN2): A muscle-specific sarcoglycan interacting protein". J. Cell Biol. 148 (1): 115–26. doi:10.1083/jcb.148.1.115. PMC 3207142. PMID 10629222.
  • Duggan DJ, Manchester D, Stears KP, Mathews DJ, Hart C, Hoffman EP (2000). "Mutations in the delta-sarcoglycan gene are a rare cause of autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD2)". Neurogenetics. 1 (1): 49–58. doi:10.1007/s100480050008. PMID 10735275.
  • Yoshida M, Hama H, Ishikawa-Sakurai M, Imamura M, Mizuno Y, Araishi K, Wakabayashi-Takai E, Noguchi S, Sasaoka T, Ozawa E (2000). "Biochemical evidence for association of dystrobrevin with the sarcoglycan-sarcospan complex as a basis for understanding sarcoglycanopathy". Hum. Mol. Genet. 9 (7): 1033–40. doi:10.1093/hmg/9.7.1033. PMID 10767327.
  • Radojevic V, Lin S, Burgunder JM (2000). "Differential expression of dystrophin, utrophin, and dystrophin-associated proteins in human muscle culture". Cell Tissue Res. 300 (3): 447–57. doi:10.1007/s004410000213. PMID 10928275.
  • Crosbie RH, Lim LE, Moore SA, Hirano M, Hays AP, Maybaum SW, Collin H, Dovico SA, Stolle CA, Fardeau M, Tomé FM, Campbell KP (2000). "Molecular and genetic characterization of sarcospan: insights into sarcoglycan-sarcospan interactions". Hum. Mol. Genet. 9 (13): 2019–27. doi:10.1093/hmg/9.13.2019. PMID 10942431.
  • Barresi R, Moore SA, Stolle CA, Mendell JR, Campbell KP (2001). "Expression of gamma -sarcoglycan in smooth muscle and its interaction with the smooth muscle sarcoglycan-sarcospan complex". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (49): 38554–60. doi:10.1074/jbc.M007799200. PMID 10993904.
  • Sylvius N, Duboscq-Bidot L, Bouchier C, Charron P, Benaiche A, Sébillon P, Komajda M, Villard E (2004). "Mutational analysis of the beta- and delta-sarcoglycan genes in a large number of patients with familial and sporadic dilated cardiomyopathy". Am. J. Med. Genet. A. 120 (1): 8–12. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.20003. PMID 12794684.
  • Guyon JR, Kudryashova E, Potts A, Dalkilic I, Brosius MA, Thompson TG, Beckmann JS, Kunkel LM, Spencer MJ (2003). "Calpain 3 cleaves filamin C and regulates its ability to interact with gamma- and delta-sarcoglycans". Muscle Nerve. 28 (4): 472–83. doi:10.1002/mus.10465. PMID 14506720.

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