Ankylosing spondylitis classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Vamsikrishna Gunnam M.B.B.S[2]


Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) may be classified according to Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society (ASAS) into ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA). Formerly ankylosing spondylitis (AS) termed as spondyloarthritides or spondyloarthropathies. AS has been regarded as the prototype of spondyloarthritis. Previously ankylosing spondylitis (AS), spondyloarthritis (SpA), reactive arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, arthritis and spondylitis associated with Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis which belong to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).



  1. Rudwaleit M, van der Heijde D, Landewé R, Akkoc N, Brandt J, Chou CT, Dougados M, Huang F, Gu J, Kirazli Y, Van den Bosch F, Olivieri I, Roussou E, Scarpato S, Sørensen IJ, Valle-Oñate R, Weber U, Wei J, Sieper J (January 2011). "The Assessment of SpondyloArthritis International Society classification criteria for peripheral spondyloarthritis and for spondyloarthritis in general". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 70 (1): 25–31. PMID 21109520. doi:10.1136/ard.2010.133645. 
  2. Rudwaleit M, van der Heijde D, Landewé R, Listing J, Akkoc N, Brandt J, Braun J, Chou CT, Collantes-Estevez E, Dougados M, Huang F, Gu J, Khan MA, Kirazli Y, Maksymowych WP, Mielants H, Sørensen IJ, Ozgocmen S, Roussou E, Valle-Oñate R, Weber U, Wei J, Sieper J (June 2009). "The development of Assessment of SpondyloArthritis international Society classification criteria for axial spondyloarthritis (part II): validation and final selection". Ann. Rheum. Dis. 68 (6): 777–83. PMID 19297344. doi:10.1136/ard.2009.108233. 
  3. Raychaudhuri, Siba P.; Deodhar, Atul (2014). "The classification and diagnostic criteria of ankylosing spondylitis". Journal of Autoimmunity. 48-49: 128–133. ISSN 0896-8411. doi:10.1016/j.jaut.2014.01.015. 
  4. Raychaudhuri SP, Deodhar A (2014). "The classification and diagnostic criteria of ankylosing spondylitis". J. Autoimmun. 48-49: 128–33. PMID 24534717. doi:10.1016/j.jaut.2014.01.015.