Adult bronchiolitis medical therapy

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1];Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hadeel Maksoud M.D.[2]

Overview

The optimal medical therapy for adult bronchiolitis is unknown. Therapy is mainly the cessation of exposure to irritant agent. Bronchiolitis is treated based on severity, however, the disease is progressive and inevitably, leads to respiratory failure. Therefore, supportive therapy includes supplemental oxygen, bronchodilators, cough suppressant, anti-reflux therapy, macrolides, immunosuppressants and glucocorticoids. Bronchodilators and glucocorticoids have been heavily criticized in their role of improving symptoms, and are reserved only in those who show clinical improvement.

Medical Therapy

  • The optimal medical therapy for adult bronchiolitis is unknown.[1][2][3]

Adult bronchiolitis


References

  1. Azuma A, Kudoh S (March 2005). "Securing the safety and efficacy of macrolide therapy for chronic small airway diseases". Intern. Med. 44 (3): 167–8. PMID 15805698.
  2. Parambil JG, Yi ES, Ryu JH (April 2009). "Obstructive bronchiolar disease identified by CT in the non-transplant population: analysis of 29 consecutive cases". Respirology. 14 (3): 443–8. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1843.2008.01445.x. PMID 19210653.
  3. Akpinar-Elci M, Travis WD, Lynch DA, Kreiss K (August 2004). "Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome in popcorn production plant workers". Eur. Respir. J. 24 (2): 298–302. PMID 15332401.

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