Acute promyelocytic leukemia history and symptoms
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Signs and symptoms of acute promyelocytic leukemia are similar to other forms of leukemia, but bleeding and hemorrhagic events are more specific for acute promyelocytic leukemia since these patients are more likely to present with disseminated intravascular coagulation (coagulopathy).
Patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia have an excess number of blasts in the bone marrow, and this results in myelophthisis, or crowding out of the normal hematopoietic cells, which accounts for the symptoms.
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Shortness of breath with exertion
- Easy bruising from thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy
- Mucosal bleeding from thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy
- Bone and joint pain
- Leg swelling
- Persistent or frequent infections (from lack of normal white blood cells)
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- Efficace, Fabio; Breccia, Massimo; Avvisati, Giuseppe; Cottone, Francesco; Intermesoli, Tamara; Borlenghi, Erika; Carluccio, Paola; Rodeghiero, Francesco; Fabbiano, Francesco; Luppi, Mario; Romani, Claudio; Sborgia, Marco; D’Ardia, Stefano; Nobile, Francesco; Cantore, Nicola; Crugnola, Monica; Nadali, Gianpaolo; Vignetti, Marco; Amadori, Sergio; Lo Coco, Francesco (2018). "Health-related quality of life, symptom burden, and comorbidity in long-term survivors of acute promyelocytic leukemia". Leukemia. doi:10.1038/s41375-018-0325-4. ISSN 0887-6924.
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