Acute myeloid leukemia risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Raviteja Guddeti, M.B.B.S. [2], Carlos A Lopez, M.D. [3], Shyam Patel [4]; Grammar Reviewer: Natalie Harpenau, B.S.[5]

Overview

Common risk factors in the development of acute myeloid leukemia are advanced age, benzene exposure, prior myelodysplastic syndrome, germline mutations, and other conditions like aplastic anemia.

Risk Factors

A number of risk factors for developing acute myeloid leukemia have been identified including:


References

  1. Grove CS, Vassiliou GS (2014). "Acute myeloid leukaemia: a paradigm for the clonal evolution of cancer?". Dis Model Mech. 7 (8): 941–51. doi:10.1242/dmm.015974. PMC 4107323. PMID 25056697.
  2. 2.0 2.1 McHale CM, Zhang L, Smith MT (2012). "Current understanding of the mechanism of benzene-induced leukemia in humans: implications for risk assessment". Carcinogenesis. 33 (2): 240–52. doi:10.1093/carcin/bgr297. PMC 3271273. PMID 22166497.
  3. Malcovati L, Hellström-Lindberg E, Bowen D, Adès L, Cermak J, Del Cañizo C; et al. (2013). "Diagnosis and treatment of primary myelodysplastic syndromes in adults: recommendations from the European LeukemiaNet". Blood. 122 (17): 2943–64. doi:10.1182/blood-2013-03-492884. PMC 3811170. PMID 23980065.
  4. Sood R, Kamikubo Y, Liu P (2017). "Role of RUNX1 in hematological malignancies". Blood. 129 (15): 2070–2082. doi:10.1182/blood-2016-10-687830. PMC 5391618. PMID 28179279.

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