Abdominal aortic aneurysm physical examination
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Microchapters
Abdominal aortic aneurysm physical examination On the Web
A physical examination has low sensitivity in the detection of small abdominal aortic aneurysms (29-61% for abdominal aortic aneurysms 3.0-3.9 cm in diameter), but has a sensitivity of 76-82% in the detection those abdominal aortic aneurysms that are 5.0 cm or larger that may warrant repair. It is easier to detect a pulsatile mass in thin patients and those who do not have tense abdomens. Contrary to popular belief, gentle palpation of abdominal aortic aneurysms is safe and does not precipitate a rupture.
The following may or may not be present:
Flank ecchymosis (Grey Turner sign) may be present in cases of ruptured aneurysms due to retroperitoneal hemorrhage.
A pulsating or non-pulsating abdominal mass may be palpable.
Management of Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease (Compilation of 2005 and 2011 ACCF/AHA Guideline Recommendations) : A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines
Symptomatic Aortic or Iliac Aneurysms
|"1.In patients with the clinical triad of abdominal and/or back pain, a pulsatile abdominal mass, and hypotension, immediate surgical evaluation is indicated.(Level of Evidence: B)"|
|"2.In patients with symptomatic aortic aneurysms, repair is indicated regardless of diameter. (Level of Evidence: C) "|
- Chaikof, EL.; Brewster, DC.; Dalman, RL.; Makaroun, MS.; Illig, KA.; Sicard, GA.; Timaran, CH.; Upchurch, GR.; Veith, FJ. (2009). "The care of patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm: the Society for Vascular Surgery practice guidelines". J Vasc Surg. 50 (4 Suppl): S2–49. doi:10.1016/j.jvs.2009.07.002. PMID 19786250. Unknown parameter
- Rooke TW, Hirsch AT, Misra S, Sidawy AN, Beckman JA, Findeiss L; et al. (2013). "Management of patients with peripheral artery disease (compilation of 2005 and 2011 ACCF/AHA Guideline Recommendations): a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines". J Am Coll Cardiol. 61 (14): 1555–70. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2013.01.004. PMC 4492473. PMID 23473760.