Difference between revisions of "Superior vena cava syndrome other diagnostic studies"

Jump to: navigation, search
(Mahshid)
 
Line 4: Line 4:
  
 
==Overview==
 
==Overview==
Other diagnostic studies in the evaluation of superior vena cava syndrome include sputum tests, bronchoscopy, and biopsy. In addition, invasive contrast venography is also a diagnostic tool in the diagnosis of superior vena cava syndrome. It may be useful on the etiology of obstruction and exact location of the obstruction, also helpful in the surgical management of the obstructed vena cava.<ref name="pmid8790193">{{cite journal |vauthors=Mahmud AM, Isawa T, Teshima T, Hirano T, Anazawa Y, Miki M, Nukiwa T |title=Radionuclide venography and its functional analysis in superior vena cava syndrome |journal=J. Nucl. Med. |volume=37 |issue=9 |pages=1460–4 |year=1996 |pmid=8790193 |doi= |url=}}</ref>
+
Other [[Diagnostic study of choice|diagnostic studies]] in the evaluation of [[superior vena cava syndrome]] include [[Sputum cultures|sputum tests]], [[bronchoscopy]], and [[biopsy]]. In addition, [[Venography|invasive contrast venography]] is also a diagnostic tool in the [[diagnosis]] of [[superior vena cava syndrome]]. It may be useful on the [[etiology]] of [[obstruction]] and exact location of the [[obstruction]], also helpful in the surgical management of the obstructed [[vena cava]].
  
 
==Other Diagnostic Studies==
 
==Other Diagnostic Studies==
 
===Sputum Test===
 
===Sputum Test===
If [[bronchogenic carcinoma]] is suspected, a sputum specimen should be obtained. If the sputum specimen is negative, a [[biopsy]] specimen should be taken from the most accessible site that is clinically involved with disease.
+
If [[bronchogenic carcinoma]] is suspected, a [[Sputum|sputum specimen]] should be obtained. If the [[sputum]] specimen is negative, a [[biopsy]] specimen should be taken from the most accessible site that is clinically involved with [[disease]].<ref name="pmid8790193">{{cite journal |vauthors=Mahmud AM, Isawa T, Teshima T, Hirano T, Anazawa Y, Miki M, Nukiwa T |title=Radionuclide venography and its functional analysis in superior vena cava syndrome |journal=J. Nucl. Med. |volume=37 |issue=9 |pages=1460–4 |year=1996 |pmid=8790193 |doi= |url=}}</ref>
 
===Bronchoscopy===
 
===Bronchoscopy===
A [[bronchoscopy]] (a lighted tube placed through the mouth into the windpipe and [[lung]]s) may be performed if [[lung cancer]] is suspected.
+
A [[bronchoscopy]] (a lighted tube placed through the mouth into the [[windpipe]] and [[lung]]s) may be performed if [[lung cancer]] is suspected.
 
===Biopsy===
 
===Biopsy===
The [[biopsy]] approach depends on the working diagnosis, the location of the [[tumor]], the physiologic status of the patient, and the expertise available at the facility. It may include [[bronchoscopy]], [[biopsy]] of palpable cervical or supraclavicular lymph nodes, needle biopsy of a lung mass or mediastinal nodes using either [[CT]] or [[ultrasound]] guidance, [[mediastinoscopy]], mediastinotomy, [[median sternotomy]], video-assisted thoracoscopy, and conventional [[thoracotomy]]. The biopsy findings will help the clinician plan appropriate treatment.
+
The [[biopsy]] approach depends on the working [[diagnosis]], the location of the [[tumor]], the physiologic status of the [[patient]], and the expertise available at the facility. It may include [[bronchoscopy]], [[biopsy]] of palpable [[cervical]] or [[supraclavicular lymph nodes]], [[needle biopsy]] of a [[lung mass]] or [[Mediastinal|mediastinal nodes]] using either [[CT]] or [[ultrasound]] guidance, [[mediastinoscopy]], mediastinotomy, [[median sternotomy]], video-assisted [[thoracoscopy]], and conventional [[thoracotomy]]. The [[Biopsy|biopsy findings]] will help the clinician plan appropriate treatment.
  
 
===Invasive Contrast Venography===
 
===Invasive Contrast Venography===
Invasive contrast venography may be useful on the etiology of obstruction and exact location of the obstruction, also helpful in the surgical management of the obstructed vena cava.<ref name="pmid8790193">{{cite journal |vauthors=Mahmud AM, Isawa T, Teshima T, Hirano T, Anazawa Y, Miki M, Nukiwa T |title=Radionuclide venography and its functional analysis in superior vena cava syndrome |journal=J. Nucl. Med. |volume=37 |issue=9 |pages=1460–4 |year=1996 |pmid=8790193 |doi= |url=}}</ref>
+
[[Venography|Invasive contrast venography]] may be useful on the [[etiology]] of [[obstruction]] and exact location of the [[obstruction]], also helpful in the [[Surgery|surgical management]] of the [[Vena cava|obstructed vena cava]].<ref name="pmid8790193">{{cite journal |vauthors=Mahmud AM, Isawa T, Teshima T, Hirano T, Anazawa Y, Miki M, Nukiwa T |title=Radionuclide venography and its functional analysis in superior vena cava syndrome |journal=J. Nucl. Med. |volume=37 |issue=9 |pages=1460–4 |year=1996 |pmid=8790193 |doi= |url=}}</ref>
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Latest revision as of 14:21, 12 April 2019

Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Microchapters

Home

Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Superior Vena Cava Syndrome from Other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Staging

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Chest X Ray

CT

MRI

Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Radiation Therapy

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Superior vena cava syndrome other diagnostic studies On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides

Images

American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Superior vena cava syndrome other diagnostic studies

All Images
X-rays
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images
MRI

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Superior vena cava syndrome other diagnostic studies

CDC on Superior vena cava syndrome other diagnostic studies

Superior vena cava syndrome other diagnostic studies in the news

Blogs on Superior vena cava syndrome other diagnostic studies

Directions to Hospitals Treating Superior vena cava syndrome

Risk calculators and risk factors for Superior vena cava syndrome other diagnostic studies

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Maria Fernanda Villarreal, M.D. [2]

Overview

Other diagnostic studies in the evaluation of superior vena cava syndrome include sputum tests, bronchoscopy, and biopsy. In addition, invasive contrast venography is also a diagnostic tool in the diagnosis of superior vena cava syndrome. It may be useful on the etiology of obstruction and exact location of the obstruction, also helpful in the surgical management of the obstructed vena cava.

Other Diagnostic Studies

Sputum Test

If bronchogenic carcinoma is suspected, a sputum specimen should be obtained. If the sputum specimen is negative, a biopsy specimen should be taken from the most accessible site that is clinically involved with disease.[1]

Bronchoscopy

A bronchoscopy (a lighted tube placed through the mouth into the windpipe and lungs) may be performed if lung cancer is suspected.

Biopsy

The biopsy approach depends on the working diagnosis, the location of the tumor, the physiologic status of the patient, and the expertise available at the facility. It may include bronchoscopy, biopsy of palpable cervical or supraclavicular lymph nodes, needle biopsy of a lung mass or mediastinal nodes using either CT or ultrasound guidance, mediastinoscopy, mediastinotomy, median sternotomy, video-assisted thoracoscopy, and conventional thoracotomy. The biopsy findings will help the clinician plan appropriate treatment.

Invasive Contrast Venography

Invasive contrast venography may be useful on the etiology of obstruction and exact location of the obstruction, also helpful in the surgical management of the obstructed vena cava.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Mahmud AM, Isawa T, Teshima T, Hirano T, Anazawa Y, Miki M, Nukiwa T (1996). "Radionuclide venography and its functional analysis in superior vena cava syndrome". J. Nucl. Med. 37 (9): 1460–4. PMID 8790193.

Linked-in.jpg