Thiothixene

Jump to: navigation, search
Thiothixene
Black Box Warning
Adult Indications & Dosage
Pediatric Indications & Dosage
Contraindications
Warnings & Precautions
Adverse Reactions
Drug Interactions
Use in Specific Populations
Administration & Monitoring
Overdosage
Pharmacology
Clinical Studies
How Supplied
Images
Patient Counseling Information
Precautions with Alcohol
Brand Names
Look-Alike Names

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Adeel Jamil, M.D. [2]

Disclaimer

WikiDoc MAKES NO GUARANTEE OF VALIDITY. WikiDoc is not a professional health care provider, nor is it a suitable replacement for a licensed healthcare provider. WikiDoc is intended to be an educational tool, not a tool for any form of healthcare delivery. The educational content on WikiDoc drug pages is based upon the FDA package insert, National Library of Medicine content and practice guidelines / consensus statements. WikiDoc does not promote the administration of any medication or device that is not consistent with its labeling. Please read our full disclaimer here.

Black Box Warning

WARNING
See full prescribing information for complete Boxed Warning.
* Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis: Elderly patients with dementia-related Psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. Analyses of seventeen placebo-controlled trials (modal duration of 10 weeks), largely in patients taking atypical antipsychotic drugs, revealed a risk of death in drug-treated patients of between 1.6 to 1.7 times the risk of death in placebo-treated patients. Over the course of a typical 10-week controlled trial, the rate of death in drug-treated patients was about 4.5%, compared to a rate of about 2.6% in the placebo group. Although the causes of death were varied, most of the deaths appeared to be either cardiovascular (e.g., heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (e.g., pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that, similar to atypical antipsychotic drugs, treatment with conventional antipsychotic drugs may increase mortality. The extent to which the findings of increased mortality in observational studies may be attributed to the antipsychotic drug as opposed to some characteristic(s) of the patients is not clear. Thiothixene is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related Psychosis.

Overview

Thiothixene is a antipsychotic, central nervous system agent and thioxanthene that is FDA approved for the treatment of schizophrenia. There is a Black Box Warning for this drug as shown here. Common adverse reactions include hypotension, orthostatic hypotension, diminished sweating, constipation, xerostomia, akathisia, dizziness, tardive dystonia, dystonia, extrapyramidal disease, parkinsonian, somnolence, tardive dyskinesia, blurred vision, urinary retention and nasal congestion.

Adult Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Adult)

  • Thiothixene capsules are effective in the management of schizophrenia. Thiothixene capsules have not been evaluated in the management of behavioral complications in patients with mental retardation.

Dosing Information

  • Dosage of thiothixene capsules should be individually adjusted depending on the chronicity and severity of the symptoms of schizophrenia. In general, small doses should be used initially and gradually increased to the optimal effective level, based on patient response.
  • Some patients have been successfully maintained on once a day thiothixene capsule therapy.
  • In milder conditions, an initial dose of 2 mg three times daily is recommended. If indicated, a subsequent increase to 15 mg/day total daily dose is often effective.
  • In more severe conditions, an initial dose of 5 mg twice daily is recommended.
  • The usual optimal dose is 20 mg to 30 mg daily. If indicated, an increase to 60 mg/day total daily dose is often effective. Exceeding a total daily dose of 60 mg rarely increases the beneficial response.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Adult)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Thiothixene in adult patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Thiothixene in adult patients.

Pediatric Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Pediatric)

  • Thiothixene capsules are effective in the management of schizophrenia for children 12 years and older.
  • The use of thiothixene capsules in children under 12 years of age is not recommended because safe conditions for its use have not been established.

Dosing Information

Dosage
  • Initial dose of 2 mg X 3/day and then increase to 20/day to 30 mg/day with a maximum of 60 mg/day.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Pediatric)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Thiothixene in pediatric patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Thiothixene in pediatric patients.

Contraindications

  • Thiothixene capsules are contraindicated in patients with circulatory collapse, comatose states, central nervous system depression due to any cause, and blood dyscrasias. Thiothixene is contraindicated in individuals who have shown hypersensitivity to the drug. It is not known whether there is a cross sensitivity between the thioxanthenes and the phenothiazine derivatives, but this possibility should be considered.

Warnings

WARNING
See full prescribing information for complete Boxed Warning.
* Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis: Elderly patients with dementia-related Psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. Analyses of seventeen placebo-controlled trials (modal duration of 10 weeks), largely in patients taking atypical antipsychotic drugs, revealed a risk of death in drug-treated patients of between 1.6 to 1.7 times the risk of death in placebo-treated patients. Over the course of a typical 10-week controlled trial, the rate of death in drug-treated patients was about 4.5%, compared to a rate of about 2.6% in the placebo group. Although the causes of death were varied, most of the deaths appeared to be either cardiovascular (e.g., heart failure, sudden death) or infectious (e.g., pneumonia) in nature. Observational studies suggest that, similar to atypical antipsychotic drugs, treatment with conventional antipsychotic drugs may increase mortality. The extent to which the findings of increased mortality in observational studies may be attributed to the antipsychotic drug as opposed to some characteristic(s) of the patients is not clear. Thiothixene is not approved for the treatment of patients with dementia-related Psychosis.
Increased Mortality in Elderly Patients with Dementia-Related Psychosis
Tardive Dyskinesia
  • Tardive dyskinesia, a syndrome consisting of potentially irreversible, involuntary, dyskinetic movements may develop in patients treated with antipsychotic drugs, including thiothixene. Although the prevalence of the syndrome appears to be highest among the elderly, especially elderly women, it is impossible to rely upon prevalence estimates to predict, at the inception of antipsychotic treatment, which patients are likely to develop the syndrome. Whether antipsychotic drug products differ in their potential to cause tardive dyskinesia is unknown.
  • Both the risk of developing the syndrome and the likelihood that it will become irreversible are believed to increase as the duration of treatment and the total cumulative dose of antipsychotic drugs administered to the patient increase. However, the syndrome can develop, although much less commonly, after relatively brief treatment periods at low doses.
  • There is no known treatment for established cases of tardive dyskinesia, although the syndrome may remit, partially or completely, if antipsychotic treatment is withdrawn. Antipsychotic treatment, itself, however, may suppress (or partially suppress) the signs and symptoms of the syndrome and thereby may possibly mask the underlying disease process. The effect that symptomatic suppression has upon the long-term course of the syndrome is unknown.
  • Given these considerations, antipsychotics should be prescribed in a manner that is most likely to minimize the occurrence of tardive dyskinesia. Chronic antipsychotic treatment should generally be reserved for patients who suffer from a chronic illness that, 1) is known to respond to antipsychotic drugs, and 2) for whom alternative, equally effective, but potentially less harmful treatments are not available or appropriate. In patients who do require chronic treatment, the smallest dose and the shortest duration of treatment producing a satisfactory clinical response should be sought. The need for continued treatment should be reassessed periodically.
  • If signs and symptoms of tardive dyskinesia appear in a patient on antipsychotics, drug discontinuation should be considered. However, some patients may require treatment despite the presence of the syndrome.

(For further information about the description of tardive dyskinesia and its clinical detection, please refer to INFORMATION FOR PATIENTS IN THE PRECAUTIONS section, and to the ADVERSE REACTIONS section.)

Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)
  • The management of NMS should include 1) immediate discontinuation of antipsychotic drugs and other drugs not essential to concurrent therapy, 2) intensive symptomatic treatment and medical monitoring, and 3) treatment of any concomitant serious medical problems for which specific treatments are available. There is no general agreement about specific pharmacological treatment regimens for uncomplicated NMS.
  • If a patient requires antipsychotic drug treatment after recovery from NMS, the potential reintroduction of drug therapy should be carefully considered. The patient should be carefully monitored, since recurrences of NMS have been reported.
Usage in Pregnancy
  • Safe use of thiothixene during pregnancy has not been established. Therefore, this drug should be given to pregnant patients only when, in the judgment of the physician, the expected benefits from the treatment exceed the possible risks to mother and fetus. Animal reproduction studies and clinical experience to date have not demonstrated any teratogenic effects.
  • In the animal reproduction studies with thiothixene, there was some decrease in conception rate and litter size, and an increase in resorption rate in rats and rabbits. Similar findings have been reported with other psychotropic agents. After repeated oral administration of thiothixene to rats (5 to 15 mg/kg/day), rabbits (3 to 50 mg/kg/day), and monkeys (1 to 3 mg/kg/day) before and during gestation, no teratogenic effects were seen.
Usage in Children
  • The use of thiothixene in children under 12 years of age is not recommended because safe conditions for its use have not been established.
  • As is true with many CNS drugs, thiothixene may impair the mental and/or physical abilities required for the performance of potentially hazardous tasks such as driving a car or operating machinery, especially during the first few days of therapy. Therefore, the patient should be cautioned accordingly.
  • As in the case of other CNS-acting drugs, patients receiving thiothixene should be cautioned about the possible additive effects (which may include hypotension) with CNS depressants and with alcohol.

PRECAUTIONS

  • An antiemetic effect was observed in animal studies with thiothixene; since this effect may also occur in man, it is possible that thiothixene may mask signs of overdosage of toxic drugs and may obscure conditions such as intestinal obstruction and brain tumor.
  • In consideration of the known capability of thiothixene and certain other psychotropic drugs to precipitate convulsions, extreme caution should be used in patients with a history of convulsive disorders or those in a state of alcohol withdrawal, since it may lower the convulsive threshold. Although thiothixene potentiates the actions of the barbiturates, the dosage of the anticonvulsant therapy should not be reduced when thiothixene is administered concurrently.
  • Though exhibiting rather weak anticholinergic properties, thiothixene should be used with caution in patients who might be exposed to extreme heat or who are receiving atropine or related drugs.
  • Use with caution in patients with cardiovascular disease.
  • Caution as well as careful adjustment of the dosages is indicated when thiothixene is used in conjunction with other CNS depressants.
  • Antipsychotic drugs, including thiothixene3, elevate prolactin levels; the elevation persists during chronic administration. Tissue culture experiments indicate that approximately one-third of human breast cancers are prolactin dependent in vitro, a factor of potential importance if the prescription of these drugs is contemplated in a patient with a previously detected breast cancer. Although disturbances such as galactorrhea, amenorrhea, gynecomastia, and impotence have been reported, the clinical significance of elevated serum prolactin levels is unknown for most patients. An increase in mammary neoplasms has been found in rodents after chronic administration of antipsychotic drugs. Neither clinical studies nor epidemiologic studies conducted to date, however, have shown an association between chronic administration of these drugs and mammary tumorigenesis; the available evidence is considered too limited to be conclusive at this time.

Leukopenia, Neutropenia and Agranulocytosis

Class Effect
  • Possible risk factors for leukopenia/neutropenia include preexisting low white blood cell count (WBC) and history of drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia. Patients with a history of a clinically significant low WBC or drug induced leukopenia/neutropenia should have their complete blood count (CBC) monitored frequently during the first few months of therapy and discontinuation of thiothixene should be considered at the first sign of a clinically significant decline in WBC in the absence of other causative factors.
  • Patients with clinically significant neutropenia should be carefully monitored for fever or other symptoms or signs of infection and treated promptly if such symptoms or signs occur. Patients with severe neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count < 1000/mm3) should discontinue thiothixene and have their WBC followed until recovery.

Adverse Reactions

Clinical Trials Experience

  • NOTE: Not all of the following adverse reactions have been reported with thiothixene. However, since thiothixene has certain chemical and pharmacologic similarities to the phenothiazines, all of the known side effects and toxicity associated with phenothiazine therapy should be borne in mind when thiothixene is used.
Cardiovascular Effects
  • Tachycardia, hypotension, light-headedness, and syncope. In the event hypotension occurs, epinephrine should not be used as a pressor agent since a paradoxical further lowering of blood pressure may result. Nonspecific EKG changes have been observed in some patients receiving thiothixene. These changes are usually reversible and frequently disappear on continued thiothixene therapy. The incidence of these changes is lower than that observed with some phenothiazines. The clinical significance of these changes is not known.
CNS Effects
  • Hyperreflexia has been reported in infants delivered from mothers having received structurally related drugs.
Extrapyramidal Symptoms
Dystonia
Class Effect
  • Symptoms of dystonia, prolonged abnormal contractions of muscle groups, may occur in susceptible individuals during the first few days of treatment. Dystonic symptoms include: spasm of the neck muscles, sometimes progressing to tightness of the throat, swallowing difficulty, difficulty breathing, and/or protrusion of the tongue. While these symptoms can occur at low doses, they occur more frequently and with greater severity with high potency and at higher doses of first generation antipsychotic drugs. An elevated risk of acute dystonia is observed in males and younger age groups.
Persistent Tardive Dyskinesia
  • As with all antipsychotic agents, tardive dyskinesia may appear in some patients on long-term therapy with thiothixene, or may occur after drug therapy has been discontinued. The syndrome is characterized by rhythmical involuntary movements of the tongue, face, mouth or jaw (e.g., protrusion of tongue, puffing of cheeks, puckering of mouth, chewing movements). Sometimes these may be accompanied by involuntary movements of extremities.
  • Since early detection of tardive dyskinesia is important, patients should be monitored on an ongoing basis. It has been reported that fine vermicular movement of the tongue may be an early sign of the syndrome. If this or any other presentation of the syndrome is observed, the clinician should consider possible discontinuation of antipsychotic medication.
Hepatic Effects
  • Elevations of serum transaminase and alkaline phosphatase, usually transient, have been infrequently observed in some patients. No clinically confirmed cases of jaundice attributable to thiothixene have been reported.
Hematologic Effects
Allergic Reactions
Endocrine/Reproductive
Autonomic Effects
Other Adverse Reactions
Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome (NMS)
  • Please refer to the text regarding NMS in the WARNINGS section.
  • NOTE: Sudden deaths have occasionally been reported in patients who have received certain phenothiazine derivatives. In some cases the cause of death was apparently cardiac arrest or asphyxia due to failure of the cough reflex. In others, the cause could not be determined nor could it be established that death was due to phenothiazine administration.

Postmarketing Experience

There is limited information regarding Postmarketing Experience of Thiothixene in the drug label.

Drug Interactions

  • Hepatic microsomal enzyme inducing agents, such as carbamazepine, were found to significantly increase the clearance of thiothixene. Patients receiving these drugs should be observed for signs of reduced thiothixene effectiveness4,5.
  • Due to a possible additive effect with hypotensive agents, patients receiving these drugs should be observed closely for signs of excessive hypotension when thiothixene is added to their drug regimen.

Use in Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category (FDA):

  • Pregnancy Category


Pregnancy Category (AUS): C

  • Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) Pregnancy Category

There is no Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) guidance on usage of Thiothixene in women who are pregnant.

Labor and Delivery

There is no FDA guidance on use of Thiothixene during labor and delivery.

Nursing Mothers

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Thiothixene with respect to nursing mothers.

Pediatric Use

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Thiothixene with respect to pediatric patients.

Geriatic Use

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Thiothixene with respect to geriatric patients.

Gender

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Thiothixene with respect to specific gender populations.

Race

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Thiothixene with respect to specific racial populations.

Renal Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Thiothixene in patients with renal impairment.

Hepatic Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Thiothixene in patients with hepatic impairment.

Females of Reproductive Potential and Males

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Thiothixene in women of reproductive potentials and males.

Immunocompromised Patients

There is no FDA guidance one the use of Thiothixene in patients who are immunocompromised.

Administration and Monitoring

Administration

  • Oral
  • Intramuscular

Monitoring

There is limited information regarding Monitoring of Thiothixene in the drug label.

  • Description

IV Compatibility

There is limited information regarding IV Compatibility of Thiothixene in the drug label.

Overdosage

Treatment
  • Essentially symptomatic and supportive. Early gastric lavage is helpful. Keep patient under careful observation and maintain an open airway, since involvement of the extrapyramidal system may produce dysphagia and respiratory difficulty in severe overdosage. If hypotension occurs, the standard measures for managing circulatory shock should be used (I.V. fluids and/or vasoconstrictors).

Pharmacology

Thiothixene.png
Thiothixene
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(9Z)-N,N-dimethyl-9-[3-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)propylidene]-9H-thioxanthene-2-sulfonamide
Identifiers
CAS number 5591-45-7
ATC code N05AF04
PubChem 941651
DrugBank DB01623
Chemical data
Formula C23H29N3O2S2 
Mol. mass 443.627 g/mol
SMILES eMolecules & PubChem
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability ?
Metabolism Hepatic
Half life 10-20 hours
Excretion ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

?

Legal status

Prescription only

Routes Oral

Mechanism of Action

  • Thiothixene is an antipsychotic of the thioxanthene series. Thiothixene possesses certain chemical and pharmacological similarities to the piperazine phenothiazines and differences from the aliphatic group of phenothiazines.

Structure

  • Thiothixene is a thioxanthene derivative. Specifically, it is the cis isomer of N,N-dimethyl-9-[3-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)propylidene]thioxanthene-2-sulfonamide. It may be represented by the following structural formula:
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.

Pharmacodynamics

There is limited information regarding Pharmacodynamics of Thiothixene in the drug label.

Pharmacokinetics

There is limited information regarding Pharmacokinetics of Thiothixene in the drug label.

Nonclinical Toxicology

There is limited information regarding Nonclinical Toxicology of Thiothixene in the drug label.

Clinical Studies

There is limited information regarding Clinical Studies of Thiothixene in the drug label.

How Supplied

Thiothixene Capsules, USP are available containing 1 mg, 2 mg, 5 mg or 10 mg of thiothixene, USP.

The 1 mg capsule is a hard-shell gelatin capsule with a caramel opaque cap and a powder blue opaque body filled with white to off-white powder. The capsule is axially imprinted with MYLAN over 1001 in black ink on both the cap and body. They are available as follows:

NDC 0378-1001-01 bottles of 100 capsules

The 2 mg capsule is a hard-shell gelatin capsule with a caramel opaque cap and a yellow opaque body filled with white to off-white powder. The capsule is axially imprinted with MYLAN over 2002 in black ink on both the cap and body. They are available as follows:

NDC 0378-2002-01 bottles of 100 capsules

NDC 0378-2002-10 bottles of 1000 capsules

The 5 mg capsule is a hard-shell gelatin capsule with a caramel opaque cap and a white opaque body filled with white to off-white powder. The capsule is axially imprinted with MYLAN over 3005 in black ink on both the cap and body. They are available as follows:

NDC 0378-3005-01 bottles of 100 capsules

NDC 0378-3005-10 bottles of 1000 capsules

The 10 mg capsule is a hard-shell gelatin capsule with a caramel opaque cap and a peach opaque body filled with white to off-white powder. The capsule is axially imprinted with MYLAN over 5010 in black ink on both the cap and body. They are available as follows:

NDC 0378-5010-01 bottles of 100 capsules

NDC 0378-5010-10 bottles of 1000 capsules

Storage

  • Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F).
  • Protect from light.
  • Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.

Images

Drug Images

No image.jpg

Drug Name:
Ingredient(s):
Imprint:
Dosage: {{{dosageValue}}} {{{dosageUnit}}}
Color(s):
Shape:
Size (mm):
Score:
NDC:

Drug Label Author:

This pill image is provided by the National Library of Medicine's PillBox.

Package and Label Display Panel

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 1 mg

NDC 0378-1001-01

Thiothixene Capsules, USP 1 mg

Rx only 100 Capsules

Each capsule contains: Thiothixene, USP 1 mg

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.

Keep container tightly closed.

Keep this and all medication out of the reach of children.

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

Protect from light.

Dosage - In mild conditions: 6 mg to 15 mg daily. In severe conditions: 10 mg to 60 mg daily.

Usual Optimal Dosage: 20 mg to 30 mg daily. See insert.

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

RM1001A10

This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 2 mg

NDC 0378-2002-01

Thiothixene Capsules, USP 2 mg

Rx only 100 Capsules

Each capsule contains: Thiothixene, USP 2 mg

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.

Keep container tightly closed.

Keep this and all medication out of the reach of children.

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

Protect from light.

Dosage - In mild conditions: 6 mg to 15 mg daily. In severe conditions: 10 mg to 60 mg daily.

Usual Optimal Dosage: 20 mg to 30 mg daily. See insert.

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

RM2002A8

This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 5 mg

NDC 0378-3005-01

Thiothixene Capsules, USP 5 mg

Rx only 100 Capsules

Each capsule contains: Thiothixene, USP 5 mg

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.

Keep container tightly closed.

Keep this and all medication out of the reach of children.

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

Protect from light.

Dosage - In mild conditions: 6 mg to 15 mg daily. In severe conditions: 10 mg to 60 mg daily.

Usual Optimal Dosage: 20 mg to 30 mg daily. See insert.

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

RM3005A9

This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 10 mg

NDC 0378-5010-01

Thiothixene Capsules, USP 10 mg

Rx only 100 Capsules

Each capsule contains: Thiothixene, USP 10 mg

Dispense in a tight, light-resistant container as defined in the USP using a child-resistant closure.

Keep container tightly closed.

Keep this and all medication out of the reach of children.

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). [See USP Controlled Room Temperature.]

Protect from light.

Dosage - In mild conditions: 6 mg to 15 mg daily. In severe conditions: 10 mg to 60 mg daily.

Usual Optimal Dosage: 20 mg to 30 mg daily. See insert.

Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. Morgantown, WV 26505 U.S.A.

RM5010A9

This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
This image of the FDA label is provided by the National Library of Medicine.

Patient Counseling Information

  • Given the likelihood that some patients exposed chronically to antipsychotics will develop tardive dyskinesia, it is advised that all patients in whom chronic use is contemplated be given, if possible, full information about this risk. The decision to inform patients and/or their guardians must obviously take into account the clinical circumstances and the competency of the patient to understand the information provided.

Precautions with Alcohol

  • Alcohol-Thiothixene interaction has not been established. Talk to your doctor about the effects of taking alcohol with this medication.

Brand Names

  • Navane®

Look-Alike Drug Names

  • Navane® - Norvasc®

Drug Shortage Status

Price

References

The contents of this FDA label are provided by the National Library of Medicine.


Linked-in.jpg