Retinitis primary prevention

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ilan Dock, B.S.

Overview

There are no primary preventive measures available for retinitis that results from the genetic disorder, retinitis pigmentosa.[1] However, retinitis that results from cytomegalovirus may be prevented through upholding specific preventive strategies for cytomegalovirus. These strategies include avoiding the bodily fluids and items might come in contact with infected individuals. Furthermore, similar strategies and precautions may be taken in order to prevent fungal, bacterial, and parasitic infections that could potentially result in retinitis.[2][3][4][5]

Primary Prevention

Retinitis Pigmentosa

  • Retinitis pigmentosa is a genetic, inherited disorder that lacks any potential prevention strategies.
  • Lessening and slowing of symptoms is the best, current treatment option for those suffering from retinitis pigmentosa. [1]

Cytomegalovirus

  • Cytomegalovirus infection may be prevented by Incorporating good hygienic habits into one's daily lifestyle.
  • These habits include the frequently washing hands, avoiding contact with infected person's bodily fluids, avoiding the potential sharing of items that have come in contact with saliva or other bodily fluids of infected individuals including beverages, food utensils, and food.
  • Avoiding the kissing of infected individuals.
  • Engaging in safe sexual relations.[3]

Tuberculosis

  • Individuals should avoid close contact or prolonged time with known TB patients in crowded, enclosed environments.
  • Individuals who anticipate possible prolonged exposure to TB, such as medical staff, individuals in prison, or homeless shelter populations should have a tuberculin skin test (TST) or interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) test before leaving the United States. [2]

Fungal Infections

  • Individuals should practice proper safety procedures to reduce the risk of eye damage when engaging in potentially damaging activities.
  • Proper hygiene for post-surgical practices must be implemented after any ocular, surgical procedures.
  • Proper hygiene should be practiced for individuals using contact lenses.[6]

Ocular Syphilis

  • Ocular syphilis is a result of a Treponema pallidum infection (syphilis) and therefore may be prevented through preventing a syphilitic infection.
  • Syphilis is best prevented through abstinence.
  • Reducing the risk of a syphilitic infection may be achieved with the proper implementation of prophylactic intercourse strategies. [4]

Toxoplasmosis

  • Toxoplasmosis may be prevented by wearing gloves when gardening and the proper implementation of highly-effective hygienic habits prior to eating or drinking .
  • Individuals should vigorously wash their hands after coming in contact with any raw meats as well as the utensils used in the preparation of the meat.
  • Meat should be cooked thoroughly prior to consumption.
  • Individuals should practice proper hygienic procedures when handling cats and other potentially infected domestic/ wild animals.[5]


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 GeneReviews. Retinitis Pigmentosa Overview. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1417/
  2. 2.0 2.1 "CDC Tuberculosis Infection Control and Prevention". 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Cytomegalovirus Prevention. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/cmv/prevention.html
  4. 4.0 4.1 Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/std/syphilis/ Accessed on April 19, 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Parasitic Diseases. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/toxoplasmosis/prevent.html Accessed on April 19, 2016.
  6. Fungal Eye Infections. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/diseases/fungal-eye-infections/ Accessed April 20, 2016.




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