Restless legs syndrome epidemiology and demographics
Restless legs syndrome Microchapters
Restless legs syndrome epidemiology and demographics On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Restless legs syndrome epidemiology and demographics
Epidemiology and Demographics
In community-based epidemiological surveys, RLS (Restless Leg Syndrome) has been studied as:
- A symptom only
- In this kind of symptoms ,prevalence estimates in the general adult population ranged from 9400 to 1500 per 100,000 individuals worldwide.
- A set of symptoms meeting minimal diagnostic criteria of the IRLSSG
- In this kind of symptoms ,prevalence estimates in the general adult population ranged from 3900 to 1400 per 100,000 individuals worldwide.
- When frequency/severity is added, prevalence ranged from 2.2% to 7.9% and when differential diagnosis is applied prevalence estimates are between 1.9% and 4.6%. In all instances, RLS prevalence is higher in women than in men.
- The incidence of RLS increases with age.
- RLS usually affects individuals of the non-African American race. African American race individuals are less likely to develop RLS.
- Women are more commonly affected by RLS than men. The women to men ratio is approximately 2 to 1.
- The worldwide prevalence of RLS is not clear, however, it appears that Asian countries have a lower prevalence of RLS than European and North American countries.
- Ohayon MM, O'Hara R, Vitiello MV (2012). "Epidemiology of restless legs syndrome: a synthesis of the literature". Sleep Med Rev. 16 (4): 283–95. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2011.05.002. PMC 3204316. PMID 21795081.
- Berger K, Luedemann J, Trenkwalder C, John U, Kessler C (2004). "Sex and the risk of restless legs syndrome in the general population". Arch Intern Med. 164 (2): 196–202. doi:10.1001/archinte.164.2.196. PMID 14744844.
- Alkhazna A, Saeed A, Rashidzada W, Romaker AM (2014). "Racial differences in the prevalence of restless legs syndrome in a primary care setting". Hosp Pract (1995). 42 (3): 131–7. doi:10.3810/hp.2014.08.1127. PMID 25255415.