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Black Box Warning
WARNING: ENDOMETRIAL CANCER AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS:
See full prescribing information for complete Boxed Warning.
Ospemifene is a Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator that is FDA approved for the treatment of moderate to severe dyspareunia, a symptom of vulvar and vaginal atrophy, due to menopause. There is a Black Box Warning for this drug as shown here. Common adverse reactions include hot flush, vaginal discharge, muscle spasms, genital discharge, hyperhidrosis..
Adult Indications and Dosage
FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Adult)
- OSPHENA is indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe dyspareunia, a symptom of vulvar and vaginal atrophy, due to menopause.
- OSPHENA is an estrogen agonist/antagonist which has agonistic effects on the endometrium. Generally, when a product with estrogen agonistic effects on the endometrium is prescribed for a postmenopausal woman with a uterus, a progestin should be considered to reduce the risk of endometrial cancer. A woman without a uterus does not need a progestin .
- Use of OSPHENA should be for the shortest duration consistent with treatment goals and risks for the individual woman. Postmenopausal women should be re-evaluated periodically as clinically appropriate to determine if treatment is still necessary.
- Treatment of Moderate to Severe Dyspareunia, a Symptom of Vulvar and Vaginal Atrophy, due to Menopause
- Take one 60 mg tablet with food once daily.
DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
- OSPHENA tablets are white to off-white, oval, biconvex, film coated tablets containing 60 mg of ospemifene and engraved with "60" on one side.
Off-Label Use and Dosage (Adult)
- There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Ospemifene in adult patients.
- There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Ospemifene in adult patients.
Pediatric Indications and Dosage
FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Pediatric)
- There is limited information regarding FDA-Labeled Use of Ospemifene in pediatric patients.
Off-Label Use and Dosage (Pediatric)
- There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Ospemifene in pediatric patients.
- There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Ospemifene in pediatric patients.
- OSPHENA is contraindicated in women with any of the following conditions:
- Undiagnosed abnormal genital bleeding
- Known or suspected estrogen-dependent neoplasia
- Active DVT, pulmonary embolism (PE), or a history of these conditions
- Active arterial thromboembolic disease [for example, stroke and myocardial infarctions (MI)], or a history of these conditions
- OSPHENA is contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant. OSPHENA may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman.
- Ospemifene was embryo-fetal lethal with labor difficulties and increased pup deaths in rats at doses below clinical exposures, and embryo-fetal lethal in rabbits at 10 times the clinical exposure based on mg/m2. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if a woman becomes pregnant while taking this drug, she should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus.
WARNING: ENDOMETRIAL CANCER AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS:
See full prescribing information for complete Boxed Warning.
- Risk factors for cardiovascular disorders, arterial vascular disease (for example, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tobacco use, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity) and/or venous thromboembolism (VTE) (for example, personal history or family history of VTE, obesity, and systemic lupus erythematosus), should be managed appropriately.
- In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy, a statistically significant increased risk of stroke was reported in women 50 to 79 years of age receiving daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone compared to women in the same age group receiving placebo (45 versus 33 per ten thousand women-years). The increase in risk was demonstrated in year 1 and persisted.
- In the clinical trials for OSPHENA (duration of treatment up to 15 months), the incidence rates of thromboembolic and hemorrhagic stroke were 0.72 and 1.45 per thousand women, respectively in OSPHENA 60 mg treatment group and 1.04 and 0 per thousand women in placebo.
- Should thromboembolic or hemorrhagic stroke occur or be suspected, OSPHENA should be discontinued immediately.
Coronary Heart Disease
- In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy, no overall effect on coronary heart disease (CHD) events (defined as nonfatal MI, silent MI, or CHD death) was reported in women receiving estrogen-alone compared to placebo. In the OSPHENA clinical trials, a single MI occurred in a woman receiving 60 mg of ospemifene.
- In the WHI estrogen-alone substudy, the risk of VTE (DVT and PE), was increased for women receiving daily CE (0.625 mg)-alone compared to placebo (30 versus 22 per ten thousand women-years), although only the increased risk of DVT reached statistical significance (23 versus 15 per ten thousand women-years). The increase in VTE risk was demonstrated during the first 2 years.
- In the OSPHENA clinical trials, the incidence of DVT was 1.45 per thousand women in OSPHENA 60 mg treatment group and 1.04 per thousand women in placebo. Should a VTE occur or be suspected, OSPHENA should be discontinued immediately.
- If feasible, OSPHENA should be discontinued at least 4 to 6 weeks before surgery of the type associated with an increased risk of thromboembolism, or during periods of prolonged immobilization.
- OSPHENA is an estrogen agonist/antagonist with tissue selective effects. In the endometrium, OSPHENA has agonistic effects. In the OSPHENA clinical trials (60 mg treatment group), no cases of endometrial cancer were seen with exposure up to 52 weeks. There was a single case of simple hyperplasia without atypia. Endometrial thickening equal to 5 mm or greater was seen in the OSPHENA treatment groups at a rate of 60.1 per thousand women vs. 21.2 per thousand women for placebo. The incidence of any type of proliferative (weakly plus active plus disordered) endometrium was 86.1 per thousand women in OSPHENA vs. 13.3 per thousand women for placebo. Uterine polyps occurred at an incidence of 5.9 per thousand women vs. 1.8 per thousand women for placebo.
- An increased risk of endometrial cancer has been reported with the use of unopposed estrogen therapy in a woman with a uterus. The reported endometrial cancer risk among unopposed estrogen users is about 2 to 12 times greater than in non-users, and appears dependent on duration of treatment and on estrogen dose. Most studies show no significant increased risk associated with the use of estrogens for less than 1 year. The greatest risk appears to be associated with prolonged use, with increased risks of 15- to 24-fold for 5 to 10 years or more. This risk has been shown to persist for at least 8 to 15 years after estrogen therapy is discontinued. Adding a progestin to postmenopausal estrogen therapy has been shown to reduce the risk of endometrial hyperplasia, which may be a precursor to endometrial cancer. There are, however, possible risks that may be associated with the use of progestins with estrogens compared to estrogen-alone regimens. These include an increased risk of breast cancer. The use of progestins with OSPHENA therapy was not evaluated in the clinical trials.
- Clinical surveillance of all women using OSPHENA is important. Adequate diagnostic measures, including directed or random endometrial sampling when indicated, should be undertaken to rule out malignancy in postmenopausal women with undiagnosed persistent or recurring abnormal genital bleeding.
- OSPHENA 60 mg has not been adequately studied in women with breast cancer; therefore it should not be used in women with known or suspected breast cancer or with a history of breast cancer.
Severe Hepatic Impairment
- OSPHENA should not be used in women with severe hepatic impairment
Clinical Trials Experience
- The following serious adverse reactions are discussed elsewhere in the labeling:
- Cardiovascular Disorders
- Malignant Neoplasms
Clinical Trials Experience
- Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
- The safety of OSPHENA has been assessed in nine phase 2/3 trials (N=1892) with doses ranging from 5 to 90 mg per day. The duration of treatment in these studies ranged from 6 weeks to 15 months. Most women (N=1370) had a treatment period of at least 12 weeks, 409 had at least 52 weeks (1 year) of exposure.
- The incidence rates of thromboembolic and hemorrhagic stroke were 0.72 per thousand women (1 reported case of thromboembolic stroke) and 1.45 per thousand women (2 reported cases of hemorrhagic stroke), respectively in OSPHENA 60 mg treatment group and 1.04 and 0 per thousand women, respectively in placebo. The incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was 1.45 per thousand women in OSPHENA 60 mg treatment group (2 reported cases of DVT) and 1.04 (1 case of DVT) in placebo.
- Table 1 lists adverse reactions occurring more frequently in the OSPHENA 60 mg treatment group than in placebo and at a frequency ≥1%.
There is limited information regarding Postmarketing Experience of Ospemifene in the drug label.
- OSPHENA is primarily metabolized by CYP3A4 and CYP2C9. CYP2C19 and other pathways contribute to the metabolism of ospemifene.
Estrogens and estrogen agonist/antagonist
- OSPHENA should not be used concomitantly with estrogens and estrogen agonists/antagonists. The safety of concomitant use of OSPHENA with estrogens and estrogen agonists/antagonists has not been studied.
- Fluconazole, a moderate CYP3A / strong CYP2C9 / moderate CYP2C19 inhibitor, should not be used with OSPHENA. Fluconazole increases the systemic exposure of ospemifene by 2.7-fold. Administration of fluconazole with ospemifene may increase the risk of OSPHENA-related adverse events .
- Rifampin, a strong CYP3A4 / moderate CYP2C9 / moderate CYP2C19 inducer, decreases the systemic exposure of ospemifene by 58%. Therefore, co-administration of OSPHENA with drugs such as rifampin which induce CYP3A4, CYP2C9 and/or CYP2C19 activity would be expected to decrease the systemic exposure of ospemifene, which may decrease the clinical effect.
- Ketoconazole, a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor increases the systemic exposure of ospemifene by 1.4-fold. Administration of ketoconazole chronically with ospemifene may increase the risk of OSPHENA-related adverse reactions.
- Repeated administration of ospemifene had no effect on the pharmacokinetics of a single 10 mg dose of warfarin. No study was conducted with multiple doses of warfarin. The effect of ospemifene on clotting time such as the International Normalized Ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) was not studied.
Highly Protein-Bound Drugs
- Ospemifene is more than 99% bound to serum proteins and might affect the protein binding of other drugs. Use of OSPHENA with other drug products that are highly protein bound may lead to increased exposure of either that drug or ospemifene.
Multiple Enzyme Inhibition
- Co-administration of OSPHENA with a drug known to inhibit CYP3A4 and CYP2C9 isoenzymes may increase the risk of OSPHENA-related adverse reactions.
Use in Specific Populations
- Based on animal data, OSPHENA is likely to increase the risk of adverse outcomes during pregnancy and labor. Adverse findings at maternally toxic doses included embryofetal lethality in rats and rabbits, and neonatal mortality and difficult labor in rats. The reproductive effects observed are consistent with and are considered to be related to estrogen receptor activity of OSPHENA.
- The effects of OSPHENA on embryo-fetal development were studied in rats (0.1, 1 or 4 mg/kg/day) and rabbits (3, 10, or 30 mg/kg/day) when treated from implantation through organogenesis. In rabbits, there was an increase in the incidence of total resorptions at 30 mg/kg/day (10 times the human exposure based on surface area mg/m2). Drug-induced malformations were not observed in either rats or rabbits.
- The effects of OSPHENA on pre-and postnatal development were studied in pregnant rats (0.01, 0.05, and 0.25 mg/kg/day) treated from implantation through lactation. Pregnant rats given 0.05 or 0.25 mg/kg/day OSPHENA (0.8% to 4% the human exposure based on surface area mg/m2), had a significantly prolonged and difficult gestation, increased post-implantation loss, increased number of dead pups at birth, and an increased incidence of postnatal loss. OSPHENA did not induce adverse effects in the surviving offspring of pregnant rats at drug exposures up to 4% the human exposure.
- Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) Pregnancy Category
There is no Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) guidance on usage of Ospemifene in women who are pregnant.
Labor and Delivery
There is no FDA guidance on use of Ospemifene during labor and delivery.
- It is not known whether OSPHENA is excreted in human breast milk.
- In a nonclinical study, ospemifene was excreted in rat milk and detected at concentrations higher than that in maternal plasma.
- OSPHENA is not indicated in children. Clinical studies have not been conducted in the pediatric population.
- Of the 1892 OSPHENA-treated women enrolled in the nine phase 2/3 trials of OSPHENA, >19 percent were 65 years of age or older. No clinically meaningful differences in safety or effectiveness were observed between these women and younger women less than 65 years of age.
There is no FDA guidance on the use of Ospemifene with respect to specific gender populations.
There is no FDA guidance on the use of Ospemifene with respect to specific racial populations.
- The pharmacokinetics of ospemifene in women with severe renal impairment (CrCL <30 mL/min) was similar to those in women with normal renal function .
- No dose adjustment of OSPHENA is required in women with renal impairment.
- The pharmacokinetics of ospemifene has not been studied in women with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class C); therefore, OSPHENA should not be used in women with severe hepatic impairment .
- No clinically important pharmacokinetic differences with OSPHENA were observed between women with mild to moderate hepatic impairment and healthy women .
- No dose adjustment of OSPHENA is required in women with mild (Child-Pugh Class A) or moderate (Child-Pugh Class B) hepatic impairment.
Females of Reproductive Potential and Males
There is no FDA guidance on the use of Ospemifene in women of reproductive potentials and males.
There is no FDA guidance one the use of Ospemifene in patients who are immunocompromised.
Administration and Monitoring
There is limited information regarding Monitoring of Ospemifene in the drug label.
There is limited information regarding IV Compatibility of Ospemifene in the drug label.
- There is no specific antidote for OSPHENA.
|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Mol. mass||378.89 g/mol|
Mechanism of Action
- OSPHENA is an estrogen agonist/antagonist with tissue selective effects. Its biological actions are mediated through binding to estrogen receptors. This binding results in activation of estrogenic pathways in some tissues (agonism) and blockade of estrogenic pathways in others (antagonism).
- OSPHENA is an estrogen agonist/antagonist. The chemical structure of ospemifene is shown in Figure 1.
- The chemical designation is Z-2-[4-(4-chloro-1,2-diphenylbut-1-enyl)phenoxy]ethanol, and has the empirical formula C24H23ClO2, which corresponds to a molecular weight of 378.9. Ospemifene is a white to off-white crystalline powder that is insoluble in water and soluble in ethanol.
- Each OSPHENA tablet contains 60 mg of ospemifene. Inactive ingredients include colloidal silicon dioxide, hypromellose, lactose monohydrate, magnesium stearate, mannitol, microcrystalline cellulose, polyethylene glycol, povidone, pregelatinized starch, sodium starch glycolate, titanium dioxide, and triacetin.
There is limited information regarding Pharmacodynamics of Ospemifene in the drug label.
- Following a single oral administration of OSPHENA 60 mg tablet in postmenopausal women under fasted condition, peak median serum concentrations was reached at approximately 2 hours (range: 1 to 8 hours) post-dose (see Figure 2). Mean ospemifene Cmax and AUC0-inf were 533 ng/mL and 4165 ng•hr/mL, respectively. After a single oral administration of OSPHENA 60 mg tablet in postmenopausal women with a high fat/high calorie (860 kcal) meal, Cmax was reached at approximately 2.5 hours (range: 1 to 6 hours) post-dose. Mean ospemifene Cmax and AUC0-inf were 1198 ng/mL and 7521 ng•hr/mL, respectively. The absolute bioavailability of ospemifene was not evaluated. Ospemifene exhibits less than dose-proportional pharmacokinetics from 25 to 200 mg with ospemifene capsule formulation. Accumulation of ospemifene with respect to AUC0-inf was approximately 2 after twelve weeks of daily administration. Steady-state was reached after nine days of ospemifene administration.
- In general, food increased the bioavailability of ospemifene by approximately 2-3 fold. In a cross-study comparison, single dose OSPHENA 60 mg tablet administered with a high fat/high calorie meal (860 kcal) in postmenopausal women increased Cmax and AUC0-inf by 2.3- and 1.7-fold, respectively, compared to fasted condition. Elimination half-life and time to maximum concentration (Tmax) were unchanged in the presence of food. In two food effect studies in healthy males using different ospemifene tablet formulations Cmax and AUC0-inf increased by 2.3- and 1.8-fold, respectively, with a low fat/low calorie meal (300 kcal) and increased by 3.6- and 2.7-fold, respectively, with a high fat/high calorie meal (860 kcal), compared to fasted condition. OSPHENA should be taken with food [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)].
- OSPHENA is highly (>99 percent) bound to serum proteins. The apparent volume of distribution is 448 L.
- In vitro experiments with human liver microsomes indicated that ospemifene primarily undergoes metabolism via CYP3A4, CYP2C9 and CYP2C19. The major metabolite was 4-hydroxyospemifene. The apparent total body clearance is 9.16 L/hr using a population approach.
- The apparent terminal half-life of ospemifene in postmenopausal women is approximately 26 hours. Following an oral administration of ospemifene, approximately 75% and 7% of the dose was excreted in feces and urine, respectively. Less than 0.2% of the ospemifene dose was excreted unchanged in urine.
Use in Specific Populations
- The pharmacokinetics of ospemifene in pediatric patients has not been evaluated .
- No differences in ospemifene pharmacokinetics were detected with regard to age (range 40 to 80 years) [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].
- Race did not have clinically relevant effect on ospemifene pharmacokinetics.
- In women with severe renal impairment (CrCL <30 mL/min), the Cmax and AUC0-inf for ospemifene following a single 60 mg dose administered with a high fat/high calorie meal were lower by 21% and higher by 20%, respectively [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].
- In women with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class A), the Cmax and AUC0-inf for ospemifene following a single 60 mg dose administered with a high fat/high calorie meal were lower by 21% and 9.1%, respectively, compared to women with normal hepatic function. In women with moderate hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class B), the Cmax and AUC0-inf for ospemifene following a single 60 mg dose administered with a high fat/high calorie meal were higher by 1% and 29%, respectively, compared to women with normal hepatic function. The effect of severe hepatic impairment on the pharmacokinetics of ospemifene has not been evaluated.
- Ospemifene is metabolized primarily by CYP3A4 and CYP2C9. CYP2C19 and other pathways contribute to the metabolism of ospemifene. In order of decreasing potency, ospemifene was suggested to be a weak inhibitor for CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2C8, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 in in vitro studies. Ospemifene is not a significant P-glycoprotein substrate in vitro; no in vivo transporter study was conducted.
- Effect of Co-Administered Drugs on the Pharmacokinetics of Ospemifene
- Fluconazole (CYP3A4/CYP2C9/CYP2C19 Inhibitor)
- Fluconazole (a moderate CYP3A / strong CYP2C9 / moderate CYP2C19 inhibitor) 400 mg was given on Day 1 followed by 200 mg on Days 2 to 5 under fasted condition. On Day 5 approximately one hour after fluconazole administration, ospemifene 60 mg was administered after breakfast (two slices of bread with ham, cheese, a few slices of cucumber and/or tomatoes, and juice). Fluconazole 200 mg was taken for three additional days under fasted condition. Multiple doses of fluconazole in fourteen postmenopausal women increased the Cmax and AUC0-inf of ospemifene by 1.7- and 2.7-fold, respectively .
- Rifampin (CYP3A4/CYP2C9/CYP2C19 Inducer)
- Rifampin 600 mg was given once daily for 5 consecutive days (given at least one hour before or two hours after a meal) in the late afternoon. On Day 6 after an overnight fast, ospemifene 60 mg was administered in the morning after under fed condition (two slices of bread with ham, cheese, a few slices of cucumber and/or tomatoes, and juice). Multiple doses of rifampin 600 mg in twelve postmenopausal women reduced Cmax and AUC0-inf of ospemifene by 51% and 58%, respectively. Rifampin and other inducers of CYP3A4 are expected to decrease the systemic exposure of ospemifene .
- Ketoconazole (CYP3A4 Inhibitor)
- Ketoconazole 400 mg was given once daily for 4 consecutive days after breakfast. On Day 5 after an overnight fast, ketoconazole 400 mg and ospemifene 60 mg were co-administered under fed condition (two slices of bread with ham, cheese, a few slices of cucumber and/or tomatoes, and juice). Ketoconazole administration once daily continued for an additional 3 days (Days 6 to 8). Co-administration of a single 60 mg dose of ospemifene and multiple doses of ketoconazole in twelve postmenopausal women increased Cmax and AUC0-inf by 1.5- and 1.4-fold, respectively.
- Omeprazole (CYP2C19 Inhibitor)
- Omeprazole (a moderate CYP2C19 inhibitor) 40 mg was given for 5 days. On Day 5, approximately one hour after omeprazole administration, ospemifene 60 mg was administered after breakfast (two slices of bread with ham, cheese, a few slices of cucumber and/or tomatoes, and juice). Multiple doses of omeprazole in fourteen postmenopausal women increased Cmax and AUC0-inf by 1.20- and 1.17-fold, respectively.
- Effect of Ospemifene on the Pharmacokinetics of the Co-Administered Drug
- Ospemifene 60 mg was given after a light breakfast (two slices of bread with ham and cheese and juice) once daily for 12 days in sixteen postmenopausal women who were determined to be rapid metabolizers of CYP2C9 (CYP2C9*1/*1 or CYP2C9*1/*2). On Day 8, a single dose of warfarin 10 mg and vitamin K 10 mg were administered one hour after a light breakfast. The geometric mean ratio (90% CI) for S-warfarin with and without ospemifene for Cmax and AUC0-inf were 0.97 (0.92-1.02) and 0.96 (0.91-1.02), respectively. Multiple doses of ospemifene did not significantly affect the pharmacokinetics of a single dose of warfarin. No study was conducted with multiple doses of warfarin.
- Ospemifene 60 mg was administered once daily for 7 days after a light meal in the late afternoon in fourteen postmenopausal women. On Day 8 after an overnight fast, a single 20 mg dose of omeprazole was administered in the morning of at least 10 hrs; ospemifene was not given on Day 8. The geometric mean ratios for the metabolic index (omeprazole/5-hydroxyomeprazole) at the concentration at the 3 hr time point and for AUC0-8hr was 0.97 with and without ospemifene. It is unclear if ospemifene will affect the pharmacokinetics of drugs metabolized by CYP2C19 due to the significant time gap between ospemifene and omeprazole administration.
- Ospemifene 60 mg was administered once daily for seven consecutive days after the evening meal in sixteen postmenopausal women (not homozygous for CYP2B6*6). On the Day 8 after overnight fast, a single 150 mg dose of sustained release bupropion was administered in morning under fasted condition. The geometric mean ratio (90% CI) for bupropion with and without ospemifene for Cmax and AUC0-inf were 0.82 (0.75-0.91) and 0.81 (0.77-0.86), respectively. The geometric mean ratio (90% CI) for hydroxybupropion, an active metabolite formed via CYP2B6, with and without ospemifene for Cmax and AUC0-inf were 1.16 (1.09-1.24) and 0.98 (0.92-1.04), respectively.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
- In a 2-year carcinogenicity study in female mice, ospemifene administration of 100, 400 or 1500 mg/kg/day was well tolerated. No evaluation for carcinogenicity was conducted in male mice. There was significant increase in adrenal subcapsular cell adenomas at 4 and 5 times the human exposure based on AUC, and adrenal cortical tumors at 5 times the human exposure. In the ovary, an increase in sex cord/stromal tumors, tubulostromal tumors, granulosa cell tumors, and luteomas were also seen. These findings occurred at doses 2 to 5 times the human exposure based on AUC, and are probably related to estrogenic/antiestrogenic effect of ospemifene in mice.
- In a 2-year carcinogenicity study in rats, ospemifene administration of 10, 50, or 300 mg/kg/day was well tolerated. A significant increase in thymomas was recorded for males and thymomas for females at all ospemifene dose levels, or 0.3 to 1.2 times the human exposure based on AUC. In the liver, an increase in hepatocellular tumors were recorded at for females at all ospemifene dose levels.
- Ospemifene was not genotoxic in vitro in the Ames test in strains of Salmonella typhimurium or at the thymidine kinase (tk) locus of mouse lymphoma L5178Y cells in the absence and in the presence of a metabolic activator system. In in vivo testing, ospemifene was not genotoxic in a standard mouse bone marrow micronucleus test or in a determination of DNA adducts in the liver of rats.
Impairment of Fertility
- The effect of ospemifene on fertility was not directly evaluated. In female rats and monkeys, decreases in ovarian and uterine weights, decreased corpora lutea number, increased ovarian cysts, uterine atrophy, and disrupted cycles were observed when given repeated daily oral doses. In male rats, atrophy of the prostate and seminal vesicles was noted. The effects on reproductive organs observed in animals are consistent with the estrogen receptor activity of ospemifene and potential for impairment of fertility.
- The effectiveness and safety of OSPHENA on moderate to severe symptoms of vulvar and vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women were examined in three placebo-controlled clinical trials (two 12-week efficacy trials and one 52-week long-term safety trial). In the three placebo-controlled trials, a total of 787 women received placebo and 1102 women received 60 mg OSPHENA.
- The first clinical trial was a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study that enrolled 826 generally healthy postmenopausal women between 41 to 81 years of age (mean 59 years of age) who at baseline had ≤5 percent superficial cells on a vaginal smear, a vaginal pH >5.0, and who identified at least one moderate to severe vaginal symptom that was considered the most bothersome to her (vaginal dryness, pain during intercourse [dyspareunia], or vaginal irritation/itching). Treatment groups included 30 mg OSPHENA (n=282), 60 mg OSPHENA (n=276), and placebo (n=268). All women were assessed for improvement in the mean change from Baseline to Week 12 for the co-primary efficacy variables of: most bothersome symptom (MBS) of vulvar and vaginal atrophy (defined as the individual moderate to severe symptom that was identified by the woman as most bothersome at baseline), percentage of vaginal superficial and vaginal parabasal cells on a vaginal smear, and vaginal pH. Following completion of 12-weeks, women with an intact uterus were allowed to enroll in a 40-week double-blind extension study, and women without an intact uterus were allowed to enroll in a 52-week open-label extension study.
- The second clinical trial was a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study that enrolled 919 generally healthy postmenopausal women between 41 to 79 years of age (mean 59 years of age) who at baseline had ≤5 percent superficial cells on a vaginal smear, a vaginal pH >5.0, and who identified either moderate to severe vaginal dryness (dryness cohort) or moderate to severe dyspareunia (dyspareunia cohort) as most bothersome to her at baseline. Treatment groups included 60 mg OSPHENA (n=463) and placebo (n=456). Primary endpoints and study conduct were similar to those in Trial 1.
- The third clinical trial was a 52-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, long-term safety study that enrolled 426 generally healthy postmenopausal women between 49 to 79 years of age (mean 62 years of age) with an intact uterus. Treatment groups included 60 mg OSPHENA (n=363) and placebo (n=63).
- Effects on Dyspareunia
- In the 1st and 2nd clinical trial, the modified intent-to-treat population of women treated with OSPHENA when compared to placebo, demonstrated a statistically significant improvement (least square mean change from Baseline to Week 12) in the moderate to severe most bothersome symptom (MBS) of dyspareunia (1st trial p=0.0012, 2nd trial p<0.0001). See Table 2. A statistically significant increase in the proportion of superficial cells and a corresponding statistically significant decrease in the proportion of parabasal cells on a vaginal smear was also demonstrated (p<0.0001 for both). The mean reduction in vaginal pH between baseline and Week 12 was also statistically significant (p<0.0001).
- OSPHENA tablets are white to off-white, oval, biconvex, film coated tablets containing 60 mg of ospemifene and engraved with "60" on one side. They are available as follows:
- NDC 59630-580-90 Bottle of 90 tablets
- NDC 59630-580-30 Blister pack of 30 tablets containing 2 blister cards of 15 tablets each
- Store at 20º to 25ºC (68º to 77ºF); excursions permitted to 15º to 30ºC (59º to 86ºF) [see USP Controlled Room Temperature].
Package and Label Display Panel
PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 60 mg Tablet Blister Pack Package
NDC 59630-580-30 Rx only
30 tablets (Two blister cards of 15 tablets each)
Osphena™ (ospemifene) tablets 60 mg
For oral use only
Each tablet contains 60 mg ospemifene. USUAL ADULT DOSAGE: See package insert. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.
Ingredients and Appearance
Patient Counseling Information
- Hot Flashes or Flushes
- OSPHENA may initiate or increase the occurrence of hot flashes in some women.
- Inform postmenopausal women of the importance of reporting unusual vaginal bleeding to their healthcare providers as soon as possible
Precautions with Alcohol
- Alcohol-Ospemifene interaction has not been established. Talk to your doctor about the effects of taking alcohol with this medication.
Look-Alike Drug Names
There is limited information regarding Ospemifene Look-Alike Drug Names in the drug label.
The contents of this FDA label are provided by the National Library of Medicine.