Occupational lung disease x ray
Occupational lung disease Microchapters
Differentiating Occupational lung disease from other Diseases
Occupational lung disease x ray On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Occupational lung disease x ray
Directions to Hospitals Treating Coalworker's pneumoconiosis
Risk calculators and risk factors for Occupational lung disease x ray
Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. ;Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hadeel Maksoud M.D.
A chest x-ray is the cornerstone of diagnosis in occupational lung disease. Findings on an x-ray suggestive of occupational lung disease include pleural thickening, pleural plaques, pleural abnormalities, calcification, small or large opacities, costophrenic angle obliteration, atelectasis, pneumothorax, parenchymal bands, enlarged hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes, bullae, and granulomata.
- A chest x-ray is the cornerstone of diagnosis in occupational lung disease. Findings on an x-ray suggestive of occupational lung disease include:
- Pleural thickening
- Pleural plaques
- Pleural abnormalities
- Small or large opacities
- Costophrenic angle obliteration
- Parenchymal bands
- Enlarged hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes
- An x-ray may be helpful in the diagnosis of complications of occupational lung disease, which include:
X-ray findings for specific etiologies
X-ray findings depending on specific etiologies of occupational lung disease include:
Silicosis and Talcosis
- Multiple, small rounded opacities
- Predilection to dorsal aspect of upper lobe
- Diffuse ground glass opacities
- Punctuate calcification in lymph nodes
Coal worker's pneumoconiosis
- Small, irregular opacities coalesce to indicate progressive massive fibrosis
- Predilection to lower lobes
- Diaphragmatic plaques are pathognomonic
- Fine and coarse linear, peripheral, reticular opacities
- Multiple, rounded opacities with or without calcification
- Architectural distortion
- Loss of lung tissue volume
- Upper lobe predominance
- Chronic berylliosis shows emphysema with bulla formation
- Starts at the lower lobes and moves progressively upwards
- Reticular opacities with honeycombing
Vineyard sprayer's lung
- Nodular opacities
- Lobar consolidation
- Upper lobe scarring
- Conglomerate shadows
- Lung destruction
Hard metal pneumoconiosis
- Small nodules
- Reticular opacities
- Small cystic spaces
- Basal predominance
- ↑ Stark P, Jacobson F, Shaffer K (1992). "Standard imaging in silicosis and coal worker's pneumoconiosis". Radiol. Clin. North Am. 30 (6): 1147–54. PMID 1410305.
- ↑ Marchiori E, Lourenço S, Gasparetto TD, Zanetti G, Mano CM, Nobre LF (2010). "Pulmonary talcosis: imaging findings". Lung. 188 (2): 165–71. doi:10.1007/s00408-010-9230-y. PMID 20155272.
- ↑ Stark P (1981). "Vineyard sprayer's lung - a rare occupational disease". J Can Assoc Radiol. 32 (3): 183–4. PMID 7298709.
- ↑ Nemery B, Abraham JL (2007). "Hard metal lung disease: still hard to understand". Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 176 (1): 2–3. doi:10.1164/rccm.200704-527ED. PMID 17586761.
- ↑ Antao VC, Pinheiro GA, Terra-Filho M, Kavakama J, Müller NL (2005). "High-resolution CT in silicosis: correlation with radiographic findings and functional impairment". J Comput Assist Tomogr. 29 (3): 350–6. PMID 15891506.
- ↑ Dee P, Suratt P, Winn W (1978). "The radiographic findings in acute silicosis". Radiology. 126 (2): 359–63. doi:10.1148/126.2.359. PMID 622482.
- ↑ Blackley DJ, Reynolds LE, Short C, Carson R, Storey E, Halldin CN, Laney AS (2018). "Progressive Massive Fibrosis in Coal Miners From 3 Clinics in Virginia". JAMA. 319 (5): 500–501. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18444. PMID 29411024.