Menopause history and symptoms
Menopause history and symptoms On the Web
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The hallmark of menopause is amenorrhea. The most common symptoms of menopause include hot flashes, night sweats, headach, palpitations, dyspareunia, stress incontinence, urgency, frequency, dysuria, anxiety, sleep disturbance, depression. Less common symptoms of menopause include loss of concentration, and loss of self confidence.
Obtaining a patient's history is an important aspect of making the diagnosis of menopause. It provides an insight into precipitating factors and associated comorbid conditions. A complete history will help determine the correct therapy and helps in determining the prognosis. Specific histories about the symptoms (duration, onset, progression), associated symptoms. Specific areas of focus when obtaining the history, are outlined below:
- Onset, duration, and progression of symptoms especially ( Hot flashes, urinary symptoms, joint pain).
- History of the menstrual cycle
- Associated symptoms such as depression, sleep disturbance.
- History of Co-morbid conditions such as Hypertension, Heart disease, Diabetes Mellitus.
- History of smoking and tobacco.
Symptoms of Menopause
- Hot flashes are a sudden feeling of heat in face and neck may with red blotches on the chest, back, and arm that are happened three to four minutes associated with sweating. Hot flashes are the most common symptom and most women have hot flashes for 6 months to 2 years, but some women may experience them for 10 years or longer.
- night sweats
Skin, soft tissue symptoms:
- Mood disturbance
- Sleep disturbance
- Poor Memory: as a result of depression and loss of sleep but not due to deficiency of estrogen hormone.
- Loss of concentration
- Loss of self-confidence
A cohort study found that menopause was associated with hot flushes, joint pain, muscle pain, and depressed mood. Menopause was not associated with poor sleep, decreased libido, and vaginal dryness, and happens of these symptoms in the late menopausal transition years.
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