Kawasaki disease laboratory findings

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Dildar Hussain, MBBS [2]

Overview

Kawasaki disease is diagnosed by clinical presentation, although the laboratory findings are non-specific for the diagnosis of Kawasaki disease - normocytic anemiathrombocytosis, with platelets ≥ 450×103/μL (after first week of acute disease), leucocytosis with white blood cell count ≥ 15,000/μL, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, elevated liver enzyme levels, hypoalbuminemia with ≥ 3.0g/dL, elevated c-reactive proteinhyponatremia and sterile pyuria can be noted on laboratory investigations.

Laboratory Findings

Although non-specific for diagnosis, the following laboratory findings are helpful in the diagnosis of Kawasaki disease:[1][2][3][4]

References

  1. McCrindle, Brian W.; Rowley, Anne H.; Newburger, Jane W.; Burns, Jane C.; Bolger, Anne F.; Gewitz, Michael; Baker, Annette L.; Jackson, Mary Anne; Takahashi, Masato; Shah, Pinak B.; Kobayashi, Tohru; Wu, Mei-Hwan; Saji, Tsutomu T.; Pahl, Elfriede (2017). "Diagnosis, Treatment, and Long-Term Management of Kawasaki Disease: A Scientific Statement for Health Professionals From the American Heart Association". Circulation. 135 (17): e927–e999. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000484. ISSN 0009-7322.
  2. Newburger JW, Takahashi M, Gerber MA, Gewitz MH, Tani LY, Burns JC, Shulman ST, Bolger AF, Ferrieri P, Baltimore RS, Wilson WR, Baddour LM, Levison ME, Pallasch TJ, Falace DA, Taubert KA (December 2004). "Diagnosis, treatment, and long-term management of Kawasaki disease: a statement for health professionals from the Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, American Heart Association". Pediatrics. 114 (6): 1708–33. doi:10.1542/peds.2004-2182. PMID 15574639.
  3. Newburger JW, Takahashi M, Gerber MA, Gewitz MH, Tani LY, Burns JC, Shulman ST, Bolger AF, Ferrieri P, Baltimore RS, Wilson WR, Baddour LM, Levison ME, Pallasch TJ, Falace DA, Taubert KA (October 2004). "Diagnosis, treatment, and long-term management of Kawasaki disease: a statement for health professionals from the Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis and Kawasaki Disease, Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young, American Heart Association". Circulation. 110 (17): 2747–71. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000145143.19711.78. PMID 15505111.
  4. Chen X, Zhao ZW, Li L, Chen XJ, Xu H, Lou JT, Li LJ, Du LZ, Xie CH (December 2015). "Hypercoagulation and elevation of blood triglycerides are characteristics of Kawasaki disease". Lipids Health Dis. 14: 166. doi:10.1186/s12944-015-0167-2. PMC 4696131. PMID 26714775.

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