Ischemic colitis classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hamid Qazi, MD, BSc [2]; Mehrian Jafarizade, M.D [3]


Ischemic colitis may be classified on the degree of the histopathological damage in the colonic wall as reversible ischemic colopathy (submucosal or intramural bleeding), transient colitis, chronic segmental ischemia, gangrenous colitis, and universal fulminant colitis. Also, based on its clinical course into two types: acute ischemic colitis or chronic ischemic colitis.


Ischemic colitis can be classified into the following types based on clinical features of disease:[1][2][3][4]

Reversible ischemic colopathy

Transient (most common form)

Chronic segmental or chronic ulcerative

Ischemic colonic stricture

Gangrenous colitis

Universal fulminant pancolitis

Percentage for each type:

Classification of ischemic colitis by percentage
Type Percentage (%)
Reversible ischemic colopathy 3-26.1
Transient 45
Chronic segmental or ulcerative 17.9-25
Ischemic colonic stricture 10-15
Gangrenous colitis 9.9-19
Universal fulminant pancolitis 1-2.5

Ischemic colitis can be classified into the following types based on clinical course of disease:

Acute ischemic colitis

Chronic ischemic colitis

Ischemic colitis
Acute ischemic colitis
Chronic ischemic colitis


  1. Hunter GC, Guernsey JM (1988). "Mesenteric ischemia". Med. Clin. North Am. 72 (5): 1091–115. PMID 3045452.
  2. Nikolic, Amanda L.; Keck, James O. (2017). "Ischaemic colitis: uncertainty in diagnosis, pathophysiology and management". ANZ Journal of Surgery. doi:10.1111/ans.14237. ISSN 1445-1433.
  3. Montoro, Miguel A.; Brandt, Lawrence J.; Santolaria, Santos; Gomollon, Fernando; Puértolas, Belén Sánchez; Vera, Jesús; Bujanda, Luis.; Cosme, Angel; Cabriada, José Luis; Durán, Margarita; Mata, Laura; Santamaría, Ana; Ceña, Gloria; Blas, Jose Manuel; Ponce, Julio; Ponce, Marta; Rodrigo, Luis; Ortiz, Jacobo; Muñoz, Carmen; Arozena, Gloria; Ginard, Daniel; López-Serrano, Antonio; Castro, Manuel; Sans, Miquel; Campo, Rafael; Casalots, Alex; Orive, Víctor; Loizate, Alberto; Titó, Lluçia; Portabella, Eva; Otazua, Pedro; Calvo, M.; Botella, Maria Teresa; Thomson, Concepción; Mundi, Jose Luis; Quintero, Enrique; Nicolás, David; Borda, Fernando; Martinez, Benito; Gisbert, Javier P.; Chaparro, María; Bernadó, Alfredo Jimenez; Gómez-Camacho, Federico; Cerezo, Antonio; Nuñez, Enrique Casal (2010). "Clinical patterns and outcomes of ischaemic colitis: Results of the Working Group for the Study of Ischaemic Colitis in Spain (CIE study)". Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. 46 (2): 236–246. doi:10.3109/00365521.2010.525794. ISSN 0036-5521.
  4. O’Neill, Stephen; Elder, Kenny; Harrison, Sarah J.; Yalamarthi, Satheesh (2011). "Predictors of severity in ischaemic colitis". International Journal of Colorectal Disease. 27 (2): 187–191. doi:10.1007/s00384-011-1301-x. ISSN 0179-1958.

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