Ischemic colitis history and symptoms

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Hamid Qazi, MD, BSc [2]


Ischemic colitis is characterized by abdominal pain which is out of proportion to physical findings. There is a sudden onset of crampy abdominal pain, diarrhea, and an urge to defecate. The pain is mild, located over the affected bowel, and usually to the left side of the lower abdomen. Mild rectal bleeding is noticed within 24 hours which may be bright red or maroon mixed with the stools.

History and Symptoms

The history and symptoms of ischemic colitis are as follows:[1][2][3][4][5]

Common Symptoms

Less common symptoms

  • Chills / rigors
  • Cachexia


  1. Theodoropoulou, Αngeliki; Κoutroubakis, Ioannis E (2008). "Ischemic colitis: Clinical practice in diagnosis and treatment". World Journal of Gastroenterology. 14 (48): 7302. doi:10.3748/wjg.14.7302. ISSN 1007-9327.
  2. Boley SJ, Brandt LJ, Veith FJ (1978). "Ischemic disorders of the intestines". Curr Probl Surg. 15 (4): 1–85. doi:10.1016/S0011-3840(78)80018-5. PMID 365467. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. Hunter G, Guernsey J (1988). "Mesenteric ischemia". Med Clin North Am. 72 (5): 1091–115. PMID 3045452.
  4. Greenwald D, Brandt L, Reinus J (2001). "Ischemic bowel disease in the elderly". Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 30 (2): 445–73. doi:10.1016/S0889-8553(05)70190-4. PMID 11432300.
  5. Huguier M, Barrier A, Boelle PY, Houry S, Lacaine F (2006). "Ischemic colitis". Am. J. Surg. 192 (5): 679–84. doi:10.1016/j.amjsurg.2005.09.018. PMID 17071206.

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