Hydronephrosis natural history, complications and prognosis

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hydronephrosis Microchapters


Patient Information


Historical Perspective




Differentiating Hydronephrosis from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors


Natural History, Complications and Prognosis


Diagnostic Study of Choice

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings


X Ray



Echocardiography or Ultrasound

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies


Medical Therapy


Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Hydronephrosis natural history, complications and prognosis On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides


American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Hydronephrosis natural history, complications and prognosis

All Images
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Hydronephrosis natural history, complications and prognosis

CDC on Hydronephrosis natural history, complications and prognosis

Hydronephrosis natural history, complications and prognosis in the news

Blogs on Hydronephrosis natural history, complications and prognosis

Directions to Hospitals Treating Hydronephrosis

Risk calculators and risk factors for Hydronephrosis natural history, complications and prognosis

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Vindhya BellamKonda, M.B.B.S [2]


Common complications of hydronephrosis include infections, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis, and distal renal tubular acidosis, hypertension and renal failure.

Natural History, Complications, and Prognosis

Natural History


Common complications of hydronephrosis include:[2][3][4][5][6]



  1. Sarhan OM, El Helaly A, Al Otay AH, Al Ghanbar M, Nakshabandi Z (March 2018). "Prenatally detected, unilateral, high-grade hydronephrosis: Can we predict the natural history?". Can Urol Assoc J. 12 (3): E137–E141. doi:10.5489/cuaj.4587. PMC 5869039. PMID 29283090.
  2. Kozeny GA, Hurley RM, Vertuno LL, Bansal VK, Zeller WP, Hano JE (1986). "Hypertension, mineralocorticoid-resistant hyperkalemia, and hyperchloremic acidosis in an infant with obstructive uropathy". Am. J. Nephrol. 6 (6): 476–81. doi:10.1159/000167258. PMID 3565506.
  3. Chandar J, Abitbol C, Zilleruelo G, Gosalbez R, Montané B, Strauss J (February 1996). "Renal tubular abnormalities in infants with hydronephrosis". J. Urol. 155 (2): 660–3. PMID 8558697.
  4. Lee JH, Choi HS, Kim JK, Won HS, Kim KS, Moon DH, Cho KS, Park YS (April 2008). "Nonrefluxing neonatal hydronephrosis and the risk of urinary tract infection". J. Urol. 179 (4): 1524–8. doi:10.1016/j.juro.2007.11.090. PMID 18295269.
  5. King LR, Kazmi SO, Belman AB (October 1974). "Natural history of vesicoureteral reflux. Outcome of a trial of nonoperative therapy". Urol. Clin. North Am. 1 (3): 441–55. PMID 4610948.
  6. Mesrobian HG (September 2010). "Urinary proteome analysis and the management of ureteropelvic junction obstruction". Pediatr. Nephrol. 25 (9): 1595–6. doi:10.1007/s00467-010-1521-2. PMID 20407913.
  7. Perlman S, Roitman L, Lotan D, Kivilevitch Z, Pode-Shakked N, Pode-Shakked B, Achiron R, Dekel B, Gilboa Y (February 2018). "Severe fetal hydronephrosis: the added value of associated congenital anomalies of the kidneys and urinary tract (CAKUT) in the prediction of postnatal outcome". Prenat. Diagn. 38 (3): 179–183. doi:10.1002/pd.5206. PMID 29314159.
  8. Renda R (April 2018). "Renal outcome of congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract system: a single-center retrospective study". Minerva Urol Nefrol. 70 (2): 218–225. doi:10.23736/S0393-2249.17.03034-X. PMID 29161808.

Template:WH Template:WS