Dermatophytosis classification

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Syed Hassan A. Kazmi BSc, MD [2]


Dermatophytes may be classified according to genera, mode of transmission and disease patterns. Dermatophytes of the genera Trichophyton and Microsporum are the most common causative agents.


Dermatophytes may be classified according to various schemes.[1][2]

Classification based on genera

Based upon their genera, dermatophytes can be classified into three groups: 

Classification based on mode of transmission

Based upon mode of transmission, these have been classified as:

Anthrophilic species Zoophilic species Geophilic species
E. floccossum M. canis E. stockdaleae
M. audouinii M. equinum M. amazonicum
M. concentricum T. gallinae Microsporum anamorph of A. cookiellum
T. gourvilli M. persicolor M. boullandii
T. kanei T. equinum M. cookei
T. meginii T. mentagrophytes M. gypseum
T. mentagrophytes T. sarkisorii M. nanum
T. raubitsschekii T. simii M. praecox
T. rubrum T. verrucosum M. racemosum
T. schoenleinii M. ripariae
T. soudanese M. vanbreuseghemii
T. tonsurans T. ajelloi
T. violaceum T. flavescens
T. yaoundei T. longifusum
T. gloriae
T. phaseoliforme
T. vanbreuseghemii
T. terrestre

Classification based on disease patterns

Dermatophytosis may be classified into the following types based on disease patterns:


  1. Ton JG, Boelens WC, Gallas P (1973). "Resection of the rectum with preservation of the anal sphincter". Arch Chir Neerl. 25 (2): 179–87. PMID 4804599.
  2. Makimura K, Tamura Y, Mochizuki T, Hasegawa A, Tajiri Y, Hanazawa R, Uchida K, Saito H, Yamaguchi H (1999). "Phylogenetic classification and species identification of dermatophyte strains based on DNA sequences of nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer 1 regions". J. Clin. Microbiol. 37 (4): 920–4. PMC 88625. PMID 10074502.