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Brucella
Brucella melitensis.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Alpha Proteobacteria
Order: Rhizobiales
Family: Brucellaceae
Genus: Brucella
Species

B. abortus
B. canis
B. melitensis
B. neotomae
B. ovis
B. suis

This page is about microbiologic aspects of the organism(s).  For clinical aspects of the disease, see brucellosis.

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1] Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Danitza Lukac, Vishal Devarkonda, M.B.B.S[2]

Overview

Human brucellosis is caused by four Brucellae species: B. abortus, B. canis, B. melitensis, and B. suis.[1]

Causes

Brucella species

Brucella species have been found primarily in mammals. [3] Brucellla species, with their host and degree of virulence is described below:[4]

Species Host Human Virulence
B. melitensis Goats, sheep, cattle, buffaloes, dogs and camels ++++
B. abortus Cattle, buffaloes, bison, dogs, elk, and horses ++/+++
B. canis Dogs +
B. suis Pigs and sheep +
B. ovis Sheep -

Tests to differentiate brucella species

Following tests may be used to differentiate between the different species of brucella.[5]

Test B. melitensis B. abortus B. suis B. ovis B. canis
Need to CO2 - + - + -
Production of H2S - + + - -
Growth on basic fushin 0.002% + + - + -
Growth on thionin 0.004% - - + + +
Growth on thionin 0.002% + - + + +
Destroy with Tb phage - + - - -

References

  1. "WHO" (PDF).
  2. Ryan KJ, Ray CG (editors) (2004). Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed. ed.). McGraw Hill. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9.
  3. Pappas G, Akritidis N, Bosilkovski M, Tsianos E (2005). "Brucellosis". N Engl J Med. 352 (22): 2325–36. doi:10.1056/NEJMra050570. PMID 15930423.
  4. "WHO" (PDF).
  5. "WHO" (PDF).

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