Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome secondary prevention

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Akshun Kalia M.B.B.S.[2]

Overview

Effective measures for the secondary prevention of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome (APS) include patient education and periodic screening. In APS the time interval between involvement of one endocrine organ to other endocrine/nonendocrine organ may take years. Thus, patient should be informed about signs and symptoms of commonly associated conditions/disorders with APS. In addition, periodic screening at an interval of 6-12 months should be done to detect the presence of any autoantibody such as antibodies against 21-hydroxylase or islet cells.

Secondary Prevention

Effective measures for the secondary prevention of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome (APS) include:[1][2][3][4][5]

References

  1. Eisenbarth GS, Gottlieb PA (2004). "Autoimmune polyendocrine syndromes". N. Engl. J. Med. 350 (20): 2068–79. doi:10.1056/NEJMra030158. PMID 15141045.
  2. Badenhoop K, Walfish PG, Rau H, Fischer S, Nicolay A, Bogner U, Schleusener H, Usadel KH (1995). "Susceptibility and resistance alleles of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQA1 and HLA DQB1 are shared in endocrine autoimmune disease". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 80 (7): 2112–7. doi:10.1210/jcem.80.7.7608264. PMID 7608264.
  3. Hoffenberg EJ, MacKenzie T, Barriga KJ, Eisenbarth GS, Bao F, Haas JE, Erlich H, Bugawan Tl T, Sokol RJ, Taki I, Norris JM, Rewers M (2003). "A prospective study of the incidence of childhood celiac disease". J. Pediatr. 143 (3): 308–14. PMID 14517510. Vancouver style error: initials (help)
  4. Corazza GR, Di Sario A, Cecchetti L, Jorizzo RA, Di Stefano M, Minguzzi L, Brusco G, Bernardi M, Gasbarrini G (1996). "Influence of pattern of clinical presentation and of gluten-free diet on bone mass and metabolism in adult coeliac disease". Bone. 18 (6): 525–30. PMID 8805992.
  5. Hoffenberg EJ, Bao F, Eisenbarth GS, Uhlhorn C, Haas JE, Sokol RJ, Rewers M (2000). "Transglutaminase antibodies in children with a genetic risk for celiac disease". J. Pediatr. 137 (3): 356–60. doi:10.1067/mpd.2000.107582. PMID 10969260.



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