Acute retinal necrosis epidemiology and demographics
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The estimated incidence of acute retinal necrosis (ARN) is approximately 6.3 per 100,000 individuals. ARN that has developed from Herpes simplex virus 1 or Varicella-zoster virus is most common among patients older than 50 years, while the incidence of HSV-2 caused ARN is highest in children and young adults between age 9 and 22 years. There is no racial or gender predisposition to acute retinal necrosis.
Epidemiology and Demographics
- The estimated incidence of ARN is approximately 6.3 per 100,000 individuals.
- Worldwide, the increase in immunocompromised and aged populations in most countries has been correlated with an increase in the incidence of acute retinal necrosis.
- There is evidence that this incidence is underestimated due to biases in case adjudication and under-reporting of data.
- Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) developed from Herpes simplex virus 1 and Varicella-zoster virus is most common among patients older than 50 years.
- Herpes simplex virus (HSV) 2 infection is more common among children and adolescents; the incidence of HSV-2-caused ARN is highest in children and young adults between age 9 and 22 years.
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