Placental abruption risk factors

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor-In-Chief: Cafer Zorkun M.D., PhD.

Risk Factors

  • Maternal hypertension is a factor in 44% of all abruptions.
  • Maternal trauma, such as motor vehicle accidents, assaults, falls, or nosocomial
  • Drug use is a factor, particularly tobacco, alcohol, and cocaine.
  • Short umbilical cord
  • Prolonged rupture of membranes (>24 hours)
  • Retroplacental fibromyoma
  • Maternal age: Pregnant women who are younger than 20 or older than 35 are at greater risk.
  • Previous abruption: Women who have had an abruption in previous pregnancies are at greater risk.

The risk of placental abruption can be reduced by maintaining a good diet including taking folic acid, regular sleep patterns and not smoking or drinking alcohol.

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