Placental abruption natural history, complications and prognosis

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor-In-Chief: Cafer Zorkun M.D., PhD.

Complications

  • Excess blood loss may lead to shock and possible death in the mother or baby.

Prognosis

  • The mother does not usually die from this condition.
  • However, all of the following increase the risk for death in both the mother and baby:
  • Closed cervix
  • Delayed diagnosis and treatment of placental abruption
  • Excessive blood loss, leading to shock
  • Hidden (concealed) uterine bleeding in pregnancy
  • No labor
  • Fetal distress occurs early in the condition in about half of all cases.
  • Infants who live have a 40-50% chance of complications, which range from mild to severe.

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