Placental abruption overview

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor-In-Chief: Cafer Zorkun M.D., PhD.

Overview

Placental abruption is a complication of pregnancy, wherein the placental lining has separated from the uterus of the mother. It is the most common cause of late pregnancy bleeding. In humans, it refers to the abnormal separation after 20 weeks of gestation and prior to birth.

Epidemiology and Demographics

It occurs in 1% of pregnancies world wide with a fetal mortality rate of 20-40% depending on the degree of separation. Placental abruption is also a significant contributor to maternal mortality. The heart rate of the fetus can be associated with the severity.[1]

References

  1. Usui R, Matsubara S, Ohkuchi A; et al. (2007). "Fetal heart rate pattern reflecting the severity of placental abruption". doi:10.1007/s00404-007-0471-9. PMID 17896112.



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