Nutrition disorder

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Nutrition disorder
MeSH D009748


Overview

Many diseases in humans are directly or indirectly caused by improper eating habits and malnutrition. These include, but are not limited to, deficiency diseases, caused by a lack of essential nutrients.

Additionally, several diseases are directly or indirectly impacted by dietary habits, and require very close attention to the nutrient content of food.

Overnutrition (eating too much)

Food

See also: Overeating

Calories

Obesity is a condition in which the natural energy reserve, stored in the fatty tissue of humans and other mammals, is increased to a point where it is assoiated with certain health conditions or increased mortality.

Vitamins

Vitamin poisoning, or hypervitaminosis, refers to a condition of high storage levels of vitamins, which can lead to toxic symptoms. The medical names of the different conditions are derived from the vitamin involved: an excess of vitamin A, for example, is called "hypervitaminosis A".

Microminerals and macrominerals

iron overload disorders are diseases caused by the accumulation of iron in the body. Organs commonly affected are the liver, heart and endocrine glands.[1]

Deficiencies (eating too little)

Proteins/fats/carbohydrates

Vitamin

See also: avitaminosis, and the table of deficiency diseases at human vitamins

Vitamin D deficiency can also increase risk of Diabetes and muscle pain.

Microminerals and macrominerals

Foot notes

  1. "Malnutrition Is Cheating Its Survivors, and Africa’s Future" article in the New York Times by Michael Wines, December 28, 2006
  2. Grant WB, Holick MF (2005). "Benefits and requirements of vitamin D for optimal health: a review". Altern Med Rev. 10 (2): 94–111. PMID 15989379.

See also



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