Chronic stable angina treatment dipyridamole

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [2] Phone:617-632-7753; Associate Editor(s)-In-Chief: Cafer Zorkun, M.D., Ph.D. [3]; John Fani Srour, M.D.; Jinhui Wu, M.D.; Lakshmi Gopalakrishnan, M.B.B.S.

Overview

Dipyridamole is a pyrimidopyrimidine derivative with poor anti-thrombotic efficacy and therefore not recommended for anti-platelet therapy in patients with chronic stable angina.[1] Dipyridamole may also exacerbate anginal symptoms due to coronary steal phenomenon.[2]

Dipyridamole

Mechanisms of Benefit

  • Dipyridamole is a pyrimido-pyrimidine derivative.
  • Dipyridamole exerts vasodilator effects on coronary resistance vessels.

Contraindications

Dipyridamole enhances exercise-induced myocardial ischemia even the usual oral dosage and hence it not used as an anti-platelet agent in patients with stable angina.

Adverse Effects

Supportive Trial Data

In a post hoc analysis that investigated cardiac events in patients with coronary heart disease or MI at study entry, dipyridamole therapy did not result in a higher number of cardiac events such as angina pectoris, MI or death from all causes.[3]

2012 ACC/AHA/ACP–ASIM Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Chronic Stable Angina (DO NOT EDIT)[4]

Dipyramidole (DO NOT EDIT)[4][5]

Class III (No Benefit)
"1. Dipyridamole is not recommended as antiplatelet therapy for patients with SIHD. (Level of Evidence: B) "

References

  1. Antithrombotic Trialists' Collaboration (2002) Collaborative meta-analysis of randomised trials of antiplatelet therapy for prevention of death, myocardial infarction, and stroke in high risk patients. BMJ 324 (7329):71-86. PMID: 11786451
  2. Kaufmann PA, Mandinov L, Seiler C, Hess OM (2000) Impact of exercise-induced coronary vasomotion on anti-ischemic therapy. Coron Artery Dis 11 (4):363-9. PMID: 10860181
  3. Diener HC, Darius H, Bertrand-Hardy JM, Humphreys M, European Stroke Prevention Study 2 (2001) Cardiac safety in the European Stroke Prevention Study 2 (ESPS2). Int J Clin Pract 55 (3):162-3. PMID: 11351768
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fihn SD, Gardin JM, Abrams J, Berra K, Blankenship JC, Dallas AP; et al. (2012). "2012 ACCF/AHA/ACP/AATS/PCNA/SCAI/STS guideline for the diagnosis and management of patients with stable ischemic heart disease: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association task force on practice guidelines, and the American College of Physicians, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons.". Circulation. 126 (25): 3097–137. PMID 23166210. doi:10.1161/CIR.0b013e3182776f83. 
  5. Gibbons RJ, Chatterjee K, Daley J, Douglas JS, Fihn SD, Gardin JM et al. (1999) ACC/AHA/ACP-ASIM guidelines for the management of patients with chronic stable angina: executive summary and recommendations. A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Committee on Management of Patients with Chronic Stable Angina). Circulation 99 (21):2829-48. [1] PMID: 10351980

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