Air embolism laboratory findings

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]

Overview

  • The diagnosis is clinical but some lab findings can help lead to the diagnosis, and can indicate which organs and systems are affected.

Laboratory Findings

  • Laboratory findings consistent with the diagnosis of air embolism include:[1]
    • Decreased End tidal CO2[2]
    • Increased End tidal Nitrogen[3]
    • Increased pulmonary artery pressure[4]

References

  1. Marek A. Mirski, Abhijit Vijay Lele, Lunei Fitzsimmons & Thomas J. K. Toung (2007). "Diagnosis and treatment of vascular air embolism". Anesthesiology. 106 (1): 164–177. PMID 17197859. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  2. T. M. Brechner & V. L. Brechner (1977). "An audible alarm for monitoring air embolism during neurosurgery". Journal of neurosurgery. 47 (2): 201–204. doi:10.3171/jns.1977.47.2.0201. PMID 874544. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)
  3. J. E. Souders (2000). "Pulmonary air embolism". Journal of clinical monitoring and computing. 16 (5–6): 375–383. PMID 12580220.
  4. Nissar Shaikh & Firdous Ummunisa (2009). "Acute management of vascular air embolism". Journal of emergencies, trauma, and shock. 2 (3): 180–185. doi:10.4103/0974-2700.55330. PMID 20009308. Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)



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