Adenoiditis physical examination

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Adenoiditis Microchapters

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Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Adenoiditis from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Diagnostic Criteria

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

X Ray

CT

MRI

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Mahshid Mir, M.D. [2]

Overview

Patients with adenoiditis are usually good-appearing. Physical examination of patients with adenoiditis is usually remarkable for fever, and purulent nasal discharges.[1][2][3]

Physical exam

Appearance of the Patient

  • Patient is usually good-appearing in early stages, but may be ill appearing if the complications and disease severity are present.

Vital Signs

  • Fever
  • Tachycardia can be present as a result of infection or pneumonia
  • Tachypnea can be present as a result of infection or pneumonia

HEENT

Neck

Lungs

  • Fine crackles upon auscultation of the lung due to concurrent pneumonia

References

  1. Kosikowska U, Korona-Głowniak I, Niedzielski A, Malm A (2015). "Nasopharyngeal and Adenoid Colonization by Haemophilus influenzae and Haemophilus parainfluenzae in Children Undergoing Adenoidectomy and the Ability of Bacterial Isolates to Biofilm Production". Medicine (Baltimore). 94 (18): e799. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000000799. PMC 4602522. PMID 25950686.
  2. Kajan ZD, Sigaroudi AK, Mohebbi M (2016). "Prevalence and patterns of palatine and adenoid tonsilloliths in cone-beam computed tomography images of an Iranian population". Dent Res J (Isfahan). 13 (4): 315–21. PMC 4993058. PMID 27605988.
  3. Galli J, Calò L, Ardito F, Imperiali M, Bassotti E, Fadda G, Paludetti G (2007). "Biofilm formation by Haemophilus influenzae isolated from adeno-tonsil tissue samples, and its role in recurrent adenotonsillitis". Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 27 (3): 134–8. PMC 2640046. PMID 17883191.
  4. Rettig E, Tunkel DE (2014). "Contemporary concepts in management of acute otitis media in children". Otolaryngol. Clin. North Am. 47 (5): 651–72. doi:10.1016/j.otc.2014.06.006. PMC 4393005. PMID 25213276.
  5. Parlea E, Georgescu M, Calarasu R (2012). "Tympanometry as a predictor factor in the evolution of otitis media with effusion". J Med Life. 5 (4): 452–4. PMC 3539835. PMID 23346249.

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