Adenoiditis causes

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Adenoiditis Microchapters

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Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Adenoiditis from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

Diagnostic Criteria

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

X Ray

CT

MRI

Other Imaging Findings

Other Diagnostic Studies

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Surgery

Primary Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1];Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Mahshid Mir, M.D. [2]

Overview

Acute adenoiditis is mainly due to viral infection but bacterial infections can cause the disease as well. Bacterial infections have a more important role in recurrent and chronic adenoiditis. The most important viral causes include EBV, CMV and RSV. The most important bacterial causes include Haemophilus influenzae, group A β-hemolytic streptococcus, and staphylococcus aureus.[1]

Casuses

Acute adenoiditis is mainly due to viral infection but bacterial infections can cause the disease as well. Bacterial infections have a more important role in recurrent and chronic adenoiditis[2][3]:

Viral Causes

Bacterial Causes

Other causes[4]

References

  1. Havas T, Lowinger D (2002). "Obstructive adenoid tissue: an indication for powered-shaver adenoidectomy". Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 128 (7): 789–91. PMID 12117336. 
  2. Karlıdağ T, Bulut Y, Keleş E, Alpay HC, Seyrek A, Orhan İ, Karlıdağ GE, Kaygusuz İ (2012). "Presence of herpesviruses in adenoid tissues of children with adenoid hypertrophy and chronic adenoiditis". Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg. 22 (1): 32–7. PMID 22339566. 
  3. Havas T, Lowinger D (2002). "Obstructive adenoid tissue: an indication for powered-shaver adenoidectomy". Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 128 (7): 789–91. PMID 12117336. 
  4. Huang SW, Giannoni C (2001). "The risk of adenoid hypertrophy in children with allergic rhinitis". Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol. 87 (4): 350–5. PMID 11686429. doi:10.1016/S1081-1206(10)62251-X. 

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