Acute respiratory distress syndrome causes
Acute respiratory distress syndrome Microchapters
Acute respiratory distress syndrome causes On the Web
American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Acute respiratory distress syndrome causes
ARDS may be caused by either direct or indirect insults to the lung. Common causes of ARDS include pneumonia, sepsis, aspiration of gastric contents, and transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI).
Life Threatening Causes
ARDS is a life-threatening condition and must be treated as such irrespective of the causes. Life-threatening conditions may result in death or permanent disability within 24 hours if left untreated.
- Direct insult
- Pneumonia (bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic)
- Aspiration of of gastric contents
- Inhalational injury (e.g., smoke inhalation, toxic gas inhalation)
- Fat embolism
- Amniotic fluid embolism
- Pulmonary contusion
- Alveolar hemorrhage
- Reperfusion (pleural effusion drainage, embolectomy)
- Lung transplantation
- Ventilator-associated lung injury
- Indirect insult:
Causes by Organ System
Causes in Alphabetical Order
- Pepe PE, Potkin RT, Reus DH, Hudson LD, Carrico CJ (1982). "Clinical predictors of the adult respiratory distress syndrome.". Am J Surg. 144 (1): 124–30. PMID 7091520.
- The ARDS Definition Task Force*. “Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: The Berlin Definition.” JAMA 307, no. 23 (June 20, 2012): 2526–33. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.5669.
- Wheeler, Arthur P., and Gordon R. Bernard. “Acute Lung Injury and the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Clinical Review.” Lancet (London, England) 369, no. 9572 (May 5, 2007): 1553–64. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60604-7.
- Sweeney, Rob Mac, and Daniel F. McAuley. “Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.” Lancet (London, England), April 28, 2016. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00578-X.
- Fowler, A. A., R. F. Hamman, J. T. Good, K. N. Benson, M. Baird, D. J. Eberle, T. L. Petty, and T. M. Hyers. “Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Risk with Common Predispositions.” Annals of Internal Medicine 98, no. 5 Pt 1 (May 1983): 593–97.
- de Prost N, Mekontso-Dessap A, Valeyrie-Allanore L, Van Nhieu JT, Duong TA, Chosidow O; et al. (2014). "Acute respiratory failure in patients with toxic epidermal necrolysis: clinical features and factors associated with mechanical ventilation.". Crit Care Med. 42 (1): 118–28. PMID 23989174. doi:10.1097/CCM.0b013e31829eb94f.