AHA/ASA guideline recommendations for prevention of stroke in women obesity, metabolic syndrome, and lifestyle factors

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Stroke Main page

Patient Information

Overview

Causes

Classification

Hemorrhagic stroke
Ischemic stroke

Differential Diagnosis

Epidemiology and Demographics

Diagnosis

NIH stroke scale
Glasgow coma scale

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Ayokunle Olubaniyi, M.B,B.S [2]

2014 AHA/ASA Guideline Recommendations for Prevention of Stroke in Women (DO NOT EDIT)[1]

Class I
"1. A healthy lifestyle consisting of regular physical activity,[2][3] moderate alcohol consumption[4][5] (<1 drink/d for non-pregnant women), abstention from cigarette smoking,[6][7] and a diet rich in fruits, vegetables,[8] grains, nuts, olive oil, and low in saturated fat (such as the DASH [Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension] diet) is recommended for primary stroke prevention in women with cardiovascular risk factors. (Level of Evidence: B) "
"2. Lifestyle interventions focusing on diet[9][10] and exercise are recommended for primary stroke prevention among individuals at high risk for stroke. (Level of Evidence: B) "

References

  1. Bushnell C, McCullough LD, Awad IA, Chireau MV, Fedder WN, Furie KL; et al. (2014). "Guidelines for the Prevention of Stroke in Women: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association". Stroke. doi:10.1161/01.str.0000442009.06663.48. PMID 24503673.
  2. Mensink GB, Deketh M, Mul MD, Schuit AJ, Hoffmeister H (1996). "Physical activity and its association with cardiovascular risk factors and mortality". Epidemiology. 7 (4): 391–7. PMID 8793365.
  3. Lee IM, Paffenbarger RS (1998). "Physical activity and stroke incidence: the Harvard Alumni Health Study". Stroke. 29 (10): 2049–54. PMID 9756580.
  4. Liao Y, McGee DL, Cao G, Cooper RS (2000). "Alcohol intake and mortality: findings from the National Health Interview Surveys (1988 and 1990)". Am J Epidemiol. 151 (7): 651–9. PMID 10752792.
  5. White IR, Altmann DR, Nanchahal K (2002). "Alcohol consumption and mortality: modelling risks for men and women at different ages". BMJ. 325 (7357): 191. PMC 117446. PMID 12142306.
  6. Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Manson JE, Rosner B; et al. (1993). "Smoking cessation in relation to total mortality rates in women. A prospective cohort study". Ann Intern Med. 119 (10): 992–1000. PMID 8214996.
  7. Kawachi I, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Manson JE, Rosner B; et al. (1993). "Smoking cessation and decreased risk of stroke in women". JAMA. 269 (2): 232–6. PMID 8417241.
  8. Liu S, Manson JE, Lee IM, Cole SR, Hennekens CH, Willett WC; et al. (2000). "Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women's Health Study". Am J Clin Nutr. 72 (4): 922–8. PMID 11010932.
  9. Deguchi T, Fujimori KE, Kawasaki T, Ohgushi H, Yuba S (2009). "Molecular cloning and gene expression of the prox1a and prox1b genes in the medaka, Oryzias latipes". Gene Expr Patterns. 9 (5): 341–7. doi:10.1016/j.gep.2009.02.004. PMID 19233319.
  10. Trichopoulou A, Costacou T, Bamia C, Trichopoulos D (2003). "Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and survival in a Greek population". N Engl J Med. 348 (26): 2599–608. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa025039. PMID 12826634.


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