Yersinia pestis infection risk factors

Jump to: navigation, search

Yersinia pestis infection Microchapters

Home

Patient Information

Overview

Historical Perspective

Classification

Pathophysiology

Causes

Differentiating Yersinia Pestis Infection from other Diseases

Epidemiology and Demographics

Risk Factors

Screening

Natural History, Complications and Prognosis

Diagnosis

History and Symptoms

Physical Examination

Laboratory Findings

Chest X Ray

Treatment

Medical Therapy

Primary Prevention

Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy

Future or Investigational Therapies

Case Studies

Case #1

Yersinia pestis infection risk factors On the Web

Most recent articles

Most cited articles

Review articles

CME Programs

Powerpoint slides

Images

American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Yersinia pestis infection risk factors

All Images
X-rays
Echo & Ultrasound
CT Images
MRI

Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse

NICE Guidance

FDA on Yersinia pestis infection risk factors

CDC on Yersinia pestis infection risk factors

Yersinia pestis infection risk factors in the news

Blogs on Yersinia pestis infection risk factors

Directions to Hospitals Treating Yersinia pestis infection

Risk calculators and risk factors for Yersinia pestis infection risk factors

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: João André Alves Silva, M.D. [2]

Overview

Risk factors for plague include living in rural areas, near animals such as rodents, or in houses where sanitation is poor. People who deal frequently with animals, such as veterinaries, are at higher risk for infection with Yersinia pestis.

Risk Factors

The most important factor associated with the development of plague is the exposure to infected fleas where local rodents are transmitting infection. In the United States, the highest risk of acquiring Yersinia pestis is between February and August (plague season), which corresponds to the timing of the rodent epidemics. Death of the affected rodents is also correlated with better fertility of rodent fleas which are the main vectors for the disease.[1] Other important risk factors for infection by Yersinia pestis include:[2][1]

  • Living in endemic areas especially in warm climates
  • Poor sanitation and living conditions
  • Unsettled conditions of war and relocation of refugees
  • People who handle infected animals (veterinaries)
  • People who come in contact with infected animals (hunting, or camping)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Butler T (2009). "Plague into the 21st century.". Clin Infect Dis. 49 (5): 736–42. PMID 19606935. doi:10.1086/604718. 
  2. World Health Organization (1999). "Plague Manual: Epidemiology, Distribution, Surveillance and Control". WHO/CDS/CSR/EDC (27). 

Linked-in.jpg