WBR0025

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Author Raviteja Reddy Guddeti MBBS, Aarti Narayan MBBS (Reviewed by Gonzalo Romero)
Exam Type USMLE Step 2 CK
Main Category Internal medicine
Sub Category Cardiovascular
Prompt A 62-year-old male presents to the ER with fever, fatigue, and sharp chest pain. The pain is relieved by sitting up and leaning forward. The patient describes the pain as "sharp and short". Auscultation reveals a friction rub. What is the most specific EKG finding in this patient?
Answer A Universal ST segment elevation
Answer A Explanation Although universal ST segment elevation is commonly seen in acute pericarditis, it is not a specific finding.
Answer B T wave inversion and poor R wave progression.
Answer B Explanation T wave inversion and poor R wave progression suggests ischemia, and is not specific for acute pericarditis.
Answer C PR depression
Answer C Explanation PR depression is the correct answer.
Answer D Presence of a Q wave
Answer D Explanation Presence of a Q wave suggests an old infarct, and is not specific for acute pericarditis.
Answer E Poor R-wave progression
Answer E Explanation Poor R-wave progression can imply an old anterior MI.
Right Answer C
Explanation [[Explanation::The correct answer is PR depression, as the patient has acute pericarditis. PR depression is an EKG finding which is more specific in acute pericarditis. Although diffuse ST elevations are seen in multiple leads, ST segment elevation is seen in other cardiac conditions such as STEMI, pulmonary embolism, therefore this finding is not specific.

Pericarditis presents with sharp chest pain, which changes with respiration and position. The pain intensifies in a supine position and decreases when sitting up. This may be due to the stretching of the pericardium.
PtaDepressionPericarditis.png
Please see more Pericarditis EKG examples here.
Educational Objective: The EKG in pericarditis shows ST segment elevation in all leads. The most specific finding is the PR segment depression.
References: Master the Boards for Step 2CK, 2013 edition, page 100]]

Approved Yes
Keyword Pericarditis, EKG, Pericarditis EKG examples
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