Jump to navigation Jump to search

Template:Chembox new

WikiDoc Resources for Panthenol


Most recent articles on Panthenol

Most cited articles on Panthenol

Review articles on Panthenol

Articles on Panthenol in N Eng J Med, Lancet, BMJ


Powerpoint slides on Panthenol

Images of Panthenol

Photos of Panthenol

Podcasts & MP3s on Panthenol

Videos on Panthenol

Evidence Based Medicine

Cochrane Collaboration on Panthenol

Bandolier on Panthenol

TRIP on Panthenol

Clinical Trials

Ongoing Trials on Panthenol at Clinical

Trial results on Panthenol

Clinical Trials on Panthenol at Google

Guidelines / Policies / Govt

US National Guidelines Clearinghouse on Panthenol

NICE Guidance on Panthenol


FDA on Panthenol

CDC on Panthenol


Books on Panthenol


Panthenol in the news

Be alerted to news on Panthenol

News trends on Panthenol


Blogs on Panthenol


Definitions of Panthenol

Patient Resources / Community

Patient resources on Panthenol

Discussion groups on Panthenol

Patient Handouts on Panthenol

Directions to Hospitals Treating Panthenol

Risk calculators and risk factors for Panthenol

Healthcare Provider Resources

Symptoms of Panthenol

Causes & Risk Factors for Panthenol

Diagnostic studies for Panthenol

Treatment of Panthenol

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME Programs on Panthenol


Panthenol en Espanol

Panthenol en Francais


Panthenol in the Marketplace

Patents on Panthenol

Experimental / Informatics

List of terms related to Panthenol


Panthenol is the alcohol analog of pantothenic acid (vitamin B5), and is thus the provitamin of B5. In organisms it is quickly oxidized to pantothenate. Panthenol is a highly viscous transparent liquid at room temperature, but salts of pantothenic acid (for example sodium pantothenate) are powders (typically white). It is well soluble in water, alcohol and propylene glycol, soluble in ether and chloroform, and slightly soluble in glycerin.

Panthenol comes in two enantiomers, D and L. Only D-panthenol (dexpanthenol) is biologically active, however both forms have moisturizing properties. For cosmetic use, panthenol comes either in D form, or as a racemic mixture of D and L (DL-panthenol).

Pantothenol's expanded chemical formula is: HO-CH2-C(CH3)2-CH(OH)-CONH-CH2CH2CH2-OH.


In cosmetics, panthenol is a humectant, emollient and moisturizer. It binds to hair follicles readily and is a frequent component of shampoos and hair conditioners (in concentrations of 0.1-1%). It coats the hair and seals its surface, lubricating follicles and making strands appear shiny.

In ointments it is mixed with allantoin, in concentrations of up to 2-5%, and is used for treatment of sunburns, mild burns and minor skin disorders.

Pantothenol is not, however, absorbed through the skin and thus has limited effects that are not due to its provitamin character.

If ingested, panthenol is metabolized to pantothenic acid.

Other names for panthenol are:

  • Butanamide, 2,4-dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3,3-dimethyl-, (R)-
  • Butyramide, 2,4-dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3,3-dimethyl-, D-(+)-
  • Butanamide, 2,4-dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3,3-dimethyl-, (2R)-
  • D-Panthenol
  • Dexpanthenol (DCIR)
  • Dexpanthenolum
  • Panthenol
  • Propanolamine, N-pantoyl-
  • d-Pantothenyl alcohol

External links

Template:Preparations for treatment of wounds and ulcers

de:Dexpanthenol hu:Dexpantenol nl:Panthenol sl:Pantenol

Template:WikiDoc Sources