Naftifine

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Naftifine
Adult Indications & Dosage
Pediatric Indications & Dosage
Contraindications
Warnings & Precautions
Adverse Reactions
Drug Interactions
Use in Specific Populations
Administration & Monitoring
Overdosage
Pharmacology
Clinical Studies
How Supplied
Images
Patient Counseling Information
Precautions with Alcohol
Brand Names
Look-Alike Names

Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Adeel Jamil, M.D. [2]

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Overview

Naftifine is a allylamine , antifungal and dermatological agent that is FDA approved for the treatment of interdigital tinea pedis, tinea cruris, and tinea corporis caused by the organism Trichophyton rubrum. Common adverse reactions include dry skin, erythema, pruritus, sensation of burning of skin, skin irritation, stinging of skin.

Adult Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Adult)

NAFTIN Cream is an allylamine antifungal indicated for the treatment of interdigital tinea pedis, tinea cruris, and tinea corporis caused by the organism Trichophyton rubrum.

Dosing Information

  • For topical use only. NAFTIN Cream is not for ophthalmic, oral or intravaginal use. Apply a thin layer of NAFTIN Cream once-daily to the affected areas plus a ½ inch margin of healthy surrounding skin for 2 weeks.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Adult)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Naftifine in adult patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Naftifine in adult patients.

Pediatric Indications and Dosage

FDA-Labeled Indications and Dosage (Pediatric)

There is limited information regarding FDA-Labeled Use of Naftifine in pediatric patients.

Off-Label Use and Dosage (Pediatric)

Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Guideline-Supported Use of Naftifine in pediatric patients.

Non–Guideline-Supported Use

There is limited information regarding Off-Label Non–Guideline-Supported Use of Naftifine in pediatric patients.

Contraindications

  • None

Warnings

Local Adverse Reactions
  • If irritation or sensitivity develops with the use of NAFTIN Cream, treatment should be discontinued. Patients should be directed to contact their physician if these conditions develop following use of NAFTIN Cream.

Adverse Reactions

Clinical Trials Experience

Clinical Trials Experience
  • Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.
  • During clinical trials, 760 subjects were exposed to naftifine 1% and 2% cream formulations. A total of 421 subjects with interdigital tinea pedis and/or tinea cruris were treated with NAFTIN Cream.
  • In two randomized, vehicle-controlled trials (400 patients were treated with NAFTIN Cream). The population was 12 to 88 years old, primarily male (79%), 48% Caucasian, 36% Black or African American, 40% Hispanic or Latino and had either predominantly interdigital tinea pedis or tinea cruris. Most subjects received doses once-daily, topically, for 2 weeks to cover the affected skin areas plus a ½ inch margin of surrounding healthy skin. In the two vehicle-controlled trials, 17.5% of NAFTIN Cream treated subjects experienced an adverse reaction compared with 19.3% of vehicle subjects. The most common adverse reaction (≥1%) is pruritus. Most adverse reactions were mild in severity. The incidence of Adverse Reactions in the NAFTIN Cream treated population were not significantly different than the vehicle treated population.
  • In an open-label pediatric pharmacokinetics and safety trial, 22 pediatric subjects 13-17 years of age with interdigital tinea pedis and tinea cruris received NAFTIN Cream. The incidence of adverse reactions in the pediatric population was similar to that observed in the adult population.

Postmarketing Experience

  • The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of (naftifine hydrochloride): redness/irritation, inflammation, maceration, swelling, burning, blisters, serous drainage, crusting, headache, dizziness, leukopenia, agranulocytosis. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.

Drug Interactions

There is limited information regarding Drug Interactions of Naftifine in pediatric patients.

Use in Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category (FDA): B

  • There are no adequate and well-controlled studies of NAFTIN Cream in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, NAFTIN Cream should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
  • The animal multiples of human exposure calculations were based on daily dose body surface area comparison (mg/m2) for the reproductive toxicology studies described in this section and in Section 13.1. The Maximum Recommended Human Dose (MRHD) was set at 8 g 2% cream per day (2.67 mg/kg/day for a 60 kg individual).
  • Systemic embryofetal development studies were conducted in rats and rabbits. Oral doses of 30, 100 and 300 mg/kg/day naftifine hydrochloride were administered during the period of organogenesis (gestational days 6 – 15) to pregnant female rats. No treatment-related effects on embryofetal toxicity or teratogenicity were noted at doses up to 300 mg/kg/day (18.2× MRHD). Subcutaneous doses of 10 and 30 mg/kg/day naftifine hydrochloride were administered during the period of organogenesis (gestational days 6 – 15) to pregnant female rats. No treatment-related effects on embryofetal toxicity or teratogenicity were noted at 30 mg/kg/day (1.8× MRHD). Subcutaneous doses of 3, 10 and 30 mg/kg/day naftifine hydrochloride were administered during the period of organogenesis (gestational days 6 – 18) to pregnant female rabbits. No treatment related effects on embryofetal toxicity or teratogenicity were noted at 30 mg/kg/day (3.6× MRHD).
  • A peri- and post-natal development study was conducted in rats. Oral doses of 30, 100 and 300 mg/kg/day naftifine hydrochloride were administered to female rats from gestational day 14 to lactation day 21. Reduced body weight gain of females during gestation and of the offspring during lactation was noted at 300 mg/kg/day (18.2× MRHD). No developmental toxicity was noted at 100 mg/kg/day (6.1× MRHD).


Pregnancy Category (AUS):

  • Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) Pregnancy Category

There is no Australian Drug Evaluation Committee (ADEC) guidance on usage of Naftifine in women who are pregnant.

Labor and Delivery

There is no FDA guidance on use of Naftifine during labor and delivery.

Nursing Mothers

  • It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when NAFTIN Cream is administered to a nursing woman.

Pediatric Use

  • The safety and effectiveness of NAFTIN Cream have been established in the age group 12-17 with interdigital tinea pedis and tinea cruris.
  • Use of NAFTIN Cream in this age group is supported by evidence from adequate and well controlled studies in adults with additional safety and PK data from an open label trial, conducted in 22 adolescents ≥12 years of age who were exposed to Naftin Cream at a dose of approximately 8 g/day.
  • Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients < 12 years of age have not been established.

Geriatic Use

  • Clinical studies of NAFTIN Cream did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects.

Gender

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Naftifine with respect to specific gender populations.

Race

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Naftifine with respect to specific racial populations.

Renal Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Naftifine in patients with renal impairment.

Hepatic Impairment

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Naftifine in patients with hepatic impairment.

Females of Reproductive Potential and Males

There is no FDA guidance on the use of Naftifine in women of reproductive potentials and males.

Immunocompromised Patients

There is no FDA guidance one the use of Naftifine in patients who are immunocompromised.

Administration and Monitoring

Administration

  • Topical

Monitoring

There is limited information regarding Monitoring of Naftifine in the drug label.

IV Compatibility

There is limited information regarding IV Compatibility of Naftifine in the drug label.

Overdosage

There is limited information regarding Chronic Overdose of Naftifine in the drug label.

Pharmacology

Naftifine.png
Naftifine
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(2E)-N-methyl-N-(1-naphthylmethyl)-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-amine
Identifiers
CAS number 65472-88-0
ATC code D01AE22
PubChem 47641
DrugBank DB00735
Chemical data
Formula C21H21N 
Mol. mass 287.398 g/mol
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability ?
Metabolism ?
Half life ?
Excretion ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

?

Legal status
Routes ?

Mechanism of Action

  • To date, a mechanism of resistance to naftifine has not been identified.
  • Naftifine has been shown to be active against most isolates of the following fungi, both in vitro and in clinical infections, as described in the INDICATIONS AND USAGE section:
  • Trichophyton rubrum

Structure

  • NAFTIN Cream is a white to off-white cream for topical use only. Each gram of (naftifine hydrochloride) Cream contains 20 mg of naftifine hydrochloride, a synthetic allylamine antifungal compound.
  • Chemically, naftifine HCl is (E)-N-Cinnamyl-N-methyl-1-napthalenemethylamine hydrochloride.
  • The molecular formula is C21H21N•HCl with a molecular weight of 323.86.
  • The structural formula of naftifine hydrochloride is:
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.

Pharmacodynamics

  • The pharmacodynamics of NAFTIN Cream have not been established.

Pharmacokinetics

  • In vitro and in vivo bioavailability studies have demonstrated that naftifine penetrates the stratum corneum in sufficient concentration to inhibit the growth of dermatophytes.
  • The pharmacokinetics of NAFTIN Cream was evaluated following once-daily topical application for 2 weeks to twenty one adult subjects, both males and females, with both tinea pedis and tinea cruris. The median total amount of cream applied was 6.4 g (range 5.3-7.5 g) per day. The results showed that the systemic exposure (i.e., maximum concentration (Cmax) and area under the curve (AUC)) to naftifine increased over the 2 week treatment period in all the 21 subjects. Geometric Mean (CV%) AUC0-24 was 117 (41.2) ng*hr/mL on Day 1, and 204 (28.5) ng*hr/mL on Day 14. Geometric Mean (CV %) Cmax was 7 ng/mL (55.6) on Day 1 and 11 ng/mL (29.3) on day 14. Median Tmax was 8.0 hours on Day 1 (range: 4 to 24) and 6.0 hours on Day 14 (range: 0 to 16). Accumulation after 14 days of topical application was less than two fold. Trough concentrations generally increased throughout the 14 day study period. Naftifine continued to be detected in plasma in 13/21 (62%) subjects on day 28, the mean (SD) plasma concentrations were 1.6 ± 0.5 ng/mL (range below limit of quantitation (BLQ) to 3 ng/mL).
  • In the same pharmacokinetic trial conducted in patients with tinea pedis and tinea cruris, median fraction of the dose excreted in urine during the treatment period was 0.0016% on Day 1 versus 0.0020% on Day 14.
  • In a second trial, that enrolled 22 subjects the pharmacokinetics of NAFTIN Cream was evaluated in 20 pediatric subjects 13 – 17 years of age with both tinea pedis and tinea cruris. Subjects were treated with a median dose of 8.1 g (range 6.6-10.1 g) applied to the affected areas once daily for 14 days. The results showed that the systemic exposure increased over the treatment period. Geometric Mean (CV%) AUC0-24 was 138 (50.2) ng*hr/mL on Day 1, and 192 (74.9) ng*hr/mL on Day 14. Geometric Mean (CV %) Cmax was 9.21 ng/mL (48.4) on Day 1 and 12.7 ng/mL (67.2) on day 14. Median fraction of the dose excreted in urine during the treatment period was 0.0030% on Day 1 and 0.0033% on Day 14.

Nonclinical Toxicology

Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility
  • Long-term studies to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of NAFTIN Cream have not been performed.
  • Naftifine hydrochloride revealed no evidence of mutagenic or clastogenic potential based on the results of two in vitro genotoxicity tests (Ames assay and Chinese hamster ovary cell chromosome aberration assay) and one in vivo genotoxicity test (mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay).
  • Oral administration of naftifine hydrochloride to rats, throughout mating, gestation, parturition and lactation, demonstrated no effects on growth, fertility or reproduction, at doses up to 100 mg/kg/day (6.1× MRHD).

Clinical Studies

Tinea Cruris
  • NAFTIN Cream has been investigated for safety and efficacy in a randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled, multi-center study in 146 subjects with symptomatic and dermatophyte culture positive tinea cruris. Subjects were randomized to receive (naftifine hydrochloride) Cream or vehicle. Subjects applied the study agent (naftifine hydrochloride) Cream or vehicle to the affected area plus a ½-inch margin of healthy skin surrounding the affected area once-daily for 2 weeks. Signs and symptoms of tinea cruris (presence or absence of erythema, pruritus, and scaling) were assessed, and KOH examination and dermatophyte culture were performed at the primary efficacy endpoint at week 4.
  • The mean age of the study population was 47 years and 87% were male and 43% were white. At baseline, subjects were confirmed to have signs and symptoms of tinea cruris, positive KOH exam, and confirmed dermatophyte presence based on culture results from a central mycology laboratory. The analysis of the intent-to-treat population was a comparison of the proportions of subjects with a complete cure at the week 4 visit (see Table 1). Complete cure was defined as both clinical cure (absence of erythema, pruritus, and scaling) and mycological cure (negative KOH and dermatophyte culture).
  • The percentage of subjects experiencing clinical cure and the percentage of subjects experiencing mycological cure at week 4 are presented individually in Table 1 below.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
Interdigital Tinea Pedis
  • NAFTIN Cream has been investigated for efficacy in a randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled, multi-center study in 217 subjects with symptomatic and dermatophyte culture positive interdigital tinea pedis. Subjects were randomized to receive NAFTIN Cream or vehicle. Subjects applied the study agent (naftifine hydrochloride) Cream or vehicle to the affected area of the foot plus a ½-inch margin of healthy skin surrounding the affected area once-daily for 2 weeks. Signs and symptoms of interdigital tinea pedis (presence or absence of erythema, pruritus, and scaling) were assessed and KOH examination and dermatophyte culture was performed at the primary efficacy endpoint at week 6.
  • The mean age of the study population was 42 years and 71% were male and 57% were white. At baseline, subjects were confirmed to have signs and symptoms of interdigital tinea pedis, positive KOH exam, and confirmed dermatophyte culture. The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportions of subjects with a complete cure at the week 6 visit (see Table 2). Complete cure was defined as both a clinical cure (absence of erythema, pruritus, and scaling) and mycological cure (negative KOH and dermatophyte culture).
  • The efficacy results at week 6, four weeks following the end of treatment, are presented in Table 2 below. Naftin Cream demonstrated complete cure in subjects with interdigital tinea pedis, but complete cure in subjects with only moccasin type tinea pedis was not demonstrated.
This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.

How Supplied

NAFTIN Cream is a white to off-white cream supplied in collapsible tubes in the following sizes:

30g – NDC 0259-1102-30

45g – NDC 0259-1102-45

60g – NDC 0259-1102-60

Storage

  • Store NAFTIN Cream at 25°C (77°F); excursions permitted to 15-30°C (59-86°F)

Images

Drug Images

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This pill image is provided by the National Library of Medicine's PillBox.

Package and Label Display Panel

PRINCIPAL DISPLAY PANEL - 45 g Tube Carton

NDC 0259-1102-45

NAFTIN® (Naftifine Hydrochloride) Cream, 2%

MERZ

For Topical Use Only Not for Ophthalmic Use, Oral or Intravaginal Use

45g

Rx Only

This image is provided by the National Library of Medicine.
This image of the FDA label is provided by the National Library of Medicine.

Patient Counseling Information

  • Inform patients that NAFTIN Cream is for topical use only. NAFTIN Cream is not intended for oral, intravaginal or ophthalmic use.
  • If irritation or sensitivity develops with the use of NAFTIN Cream treatment should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted. Patients should be directed to contact their physician if these conditions develop following use of NAFTIN Cream.

Precautions with Alcohol

  • Alcohol-Naftifine interaction has not been established. Talk to your doctor about the effects of taking alcohol with this medication.

Brand Names

  • Naftin®
  • Naftin-MP®

Look-Alike Drug Names

There is limited information regarding Naftifine Look-Alike Drug Names in the drug label.

Drug Shortage Status

Price

References

The contents of this FDA label are provided by the National Library of Medicine.


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