NLRP1

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Identifiers
Aliases
External IDsGeneCards: [1]
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

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RefSeq (protein)

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Location (UCSC)n/an/a
PubMed searchn/an/a
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View/Edit Human

NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the NLRP1 gene.[1][2][3]

Function

This gene encodes a member of the Ced-4 family of apoptosis proteins. Ced-family members contain a caspase recruitment domain (CARD) and are known to be key mediators of programmed cell death. The encoded protein contains a distinct N-terminal pyrin-like motif, which is possibly involved in protein-protein interactions. The NLRP1 protein interacts strongly with caspase 2 and weakly with caspase 9. Overexpression of this gene was demonstrated to induce apoptosis in cells. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene, but the biological validity of some variants has not been determined.[3]

Interactions

NLRP1 has been shown to interact with caspase 9[4][5] and APAF1.[4]

References

  1. Thorpe KL, Abdulla S, Kaufman J, Trowsdale J, Beck S (Oct 1996). "Phylogeny and structure of the RING3 gene". Immunogenetics. 44 (5): 391–6. doi:10.1007/BF02602785. PMID 8781126.
  2. Tschopp J, Martinon F, Burns K (Feb 2003). "NALPs: a novel protein family involved in inflammation". Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 4 (2): 95–104. doi:10.1038/nrm1019. PMID 12563287.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Entrez Gene: NLRP1 NLR family, pyrin domain containing 1".
  4. 4.0 4.1 Chu ZL, Pio F, Xie Z, Welsh K, Krajewska M, Krajewski S, Godzik A, Reed JC (Mar 2001). "A novel enhancer of the Apaf1 apoptosome involved in cytochrome c-dependent caspase activation and apoptosis". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (12): 9239–45. doi:10.1074/jbc.M006309200. PMID 11113115.
  5. Hlaing T, Guo RF, Dilley KA, Loussia JM, Morrish TA, Shi MM, Vincenz C, Ward PA (Mar 2001). "Molecular cloning and characterization of DEFCAP-L and -S, two isoforms of a novel member of the mammalian Ced-4 family of apoptosis proteins". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (12): 9230–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.M009853200. PMID 11076957.

Further reading



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