Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (patient information)
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Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 On the Web
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type II is a disease passed down through families, in which one or more of the endocrine glands are overactive or form a tumor. Endocrine glands most commonly involved include adrenal gland, parathyroid gland and thyroid gland.
What are the symptoms of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2?
- Lump on the neck
- Breathing difficulty
- Chest pain
- Abdominal pain
- Weight loss
- Muscle pain
- Increased frequency of urination
- Bone fractures
What causes multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2?
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 is an inherited disorder that causes tumors in the endocrine glands. Genetic mutations of RET gene is speculated to be the cause of the disease.
Who is at highest risk?
- Positive family history
- Multifocal or recurrent neoplasia
- Two or more organ systems tumor involvement
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 is detected by gene testing or, when gene testing is unavailable or yields a negative result, by laboratory tests that measure hormone levels. Less often, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 is diagnosed based on an individual's medical and family history.
When to seek urgent medical care?
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 cannot be cured, but regular testing can detect the problems caused by multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2. Tumors may grow for many years before serious complications develop.
- Surgery is indicated for thyroid tumors, adrenal tumors and parathyroid tumors.
Where to find medical care for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2?
What to expect (Outlook/Prognosis)?
- Prognosis of the disease depends on the stage at which it is diagnosed. Early diagnosis and treatment is associated with better prognosis.