Mediastinitis classification On the Web
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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D.  Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Anthony Gallo, B.S. 
Mediastinitis may be classified according to the onset and duration of symptoms into 2 groups: acute or chronic. Additionally, acute mediastinitis may be classified according to the cause of the disease.
Mediastinitis may be classified according to the onset and duration of symptoms into 2 groups: acute or chronic. Each form of mediastinitis has a different pathophysiology and underlying etiologies.
Acute mediastinitis may be classified according to the cause of the disease, which include esophageal perforation, head and neck infections, spread of another infection, and median sternotomy.
- Boerhaave syndrome
- Nasogastric tube
- Swallowing foreign bodies
Head and Neck Infection
- Odontogenic infections
Spread of Other Infection
Chronic mediastinitis may be classified according to the cause, duration, and recurrence of the disease, which include:
Additionally, mediastinitis can be divided into two subcategories: focal or diffuse, which are differentiated by radiological findings.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Mediastinitis. Wikipedia (2015) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mediastinitis Accessed on September 21, 2015
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Mandell GL. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. Churchill Livingstone; 2010.
- ↑ Rossi SE, McAdams HP, Rosado-de-Christenson ML, Franks TJ, Galvin JR (2001). "Fibrosing mediastinitis". Radiographics. 21 (3): 737–57. doi:10.1148/radiographics.21.3.g01ma17737. PMID 11353121.