Linitis plastica physical examination
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Patients with linitis plastica in the early stages may appear to be normal. When metastasis occurs, the patient usually appears fatigued and cachexic. Physical examination of patients with linitis plastica and metastasis may be remarkable for lymphadenopathy, weight loss, and signs of ascites.
Appearance of the Patient
Patients with linitis plastica in the early stages may appear to be normal. When metastasis occurs, the patient usually appears fatigued and cachexic.
- Low-grade fever
- Jaundice is present with liver metastasis.
- Diffuse seborrheic keratoses (sign of Leser-Trélat)
- Acanthosis nigricans
- Lymphadenopathy may be noted in several regions, in the neck region there may be:
- Massive ascites leads to:
- Decreased chest expansion
- Fine crackles upon auscultation of the lung bases bilaterally
- Abdominal distention
- Abdominal tenderness in the left upper quadrant and flanks.
- Sister Mary Joseph nodule (palpable nodule bulging into the umbilicus)
Signs of ascites:
- Hepatomegaly / splenomegaly / hepatosplenomegaly
- Flank fullness
- Shifting dullness (difference in percussion note in the flanks that shifts when the patient is turned on the side)
- If the ascites is massive, a fluid thrill or fluid wave may be present.
- A pelvic/adnexal mass may be palpated:
- Pitting/non-pitting edema of the upper/lower extremities
- Irish node (left axillary node)
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