Heat stroke physical examination

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Editor-In-Chief: C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D. [1]; Associate Editor(s)-in-Chief: Usama Talib, BSc, MD [2]

Overview

A detailed physical examination should be performed in case of a suspicion of heat stroke. The physical examination of a patient with heat stroke may yield a disoriented, comatozed individual with fever, hypotension, skin rash, skin burn, tachycardia, muscle spasms or pain and hyperventilation.[1]

Physical Examination

The physical examination of a patient with heat stroke may yield the following findings:[1][2][3]

General Appearance

Vital Signs

Cardiovascular System

Central Nervous System

Musculoskeletal System

Respiratory System

Dermatological

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Tek D, Olshaker JS (1992). "Heat illness". Emerg Med Clin North Am. 10 (2): 299–310. PMID 1559470.
  2. Leon LR, Bouchama A (2015). "Heat stroke". Compr Physiol. 5 (2): 611–47. doi:10.1002/cphy.c140017. PMID 25880507.
  3. Druyan A, Amit D, Janovich R, Ran Y, Heled Y, Yuval H (2011). "Misdiagnosis of exertional heat stroke and improper medical treatment". Mil Med. 176 (11): 1278–80. PMID 22165656.



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